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Biu–Mandara languages facts for kids

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Biu–Mandara
Central Chadic
Geographic
distribution:
Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon
Linguistic classification: Afro-Asiatic
Subdivisions:
South
Hurza
North

The Biu–Mandara, or Central Chadic, languages are a branch of Chadic languages. They are spoken in Nigeria, Chad, and Cameroon. The most spoken is Kamwe.

Branches

Blench (2006) organizes them like this:

  • Tera (A.1): Tera, Pidlimdi (Hinna), Jara, Ga'anda, Gabin, Boga, Ngwaba, Hwana
  • Bura–Higi
    • Bura (A.2): Bura-Pabir (Bura), Cibak (Kyibaku), Nggwahyi, Huba (Kilba), Putai (Marghi West), Marghi Central (Margi, Margi Babal), Marghi South
    • ? Kofa
    • Higi (A.3): Kamwə (Psikyɛ, Higi), Bana, Hya, ? Kirya-Konzəl
  • Wandala–Mafa
    • Wandala (Mandara) (A.4)
      • East: Wandala (Mura, Mandara, Malgwa), Glavda (Gəlvaxdaxa)
      • Parəkwa (Podoko)
      • West: Gəvoko, Guduf-Gava (Cineni), Dghweɗe, Hdi (Xədi, Hedi, Tur), Lamang, Woga, Vemgo, Mabas
      • Sukur (Sakwun, A.6)
    • Mafa (A.5)
      • Northeast Mafa: Vame (Pəlasla), Mbuko, Gaduwa
      • Matal (Muktele)
      • South Mafa
        • (a) Wuzlam (Ouldémé), Muyang, Maɗa, Məlokwo
        • (b) Zəlgwa-Minew, Gemzek, Ɗugwor, Mikere, Merey
        • (c) North Giziga, South Giziga, North Mofu, Mofu-Gudur (South Mofu), Baldemu (Mbazlam)
        • (d) Cuvok, Mafa, Mefele, Shügule
  • Daba (A.7)
    • North Daba: Buwal (Gadala), Gavar (Kortchi)
    • South Daba: Mina (Besleri, Hina), Daba (Mazagway), Mbədam
  • Bata (Gbwata) (A.8): Bacama, Bata (Gbwata), Sharwa, Tsuvan, Gude, Fali of Mubi, Zizilivakan (Ulan Mazhilvən, Fali of Jilbu), Jimi (Jimjimən), Gudu, Holma (†), Nzanyi
  • Mandage (Kotoko) (B.1)
    • South Mandage: Msər (Kousseri), Lagwan (Logone)
    • ? Jilbe
    • North Mandage: Afaɗə, Maslam, Malgbe (Gulfey), Mpadə
  • Buduma (Yedina)
  • East–Central
    • Gidar (Kaɗa)
    • Munjuk (B.2): Mbara, Muskum (Muzuk) (†), Mpus, Beege (Jafga), Vulum (Mulwi)
    • Mida'a (< B.1): Jina, Majəra

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