Cameroon facts for kids
|Republic of Cameroon
République du Cameroun
|Motto: "Paix – Travail – Patrie" (French)
"Peace – Work – Fatherland"
|Anthem: Ô Cameroun, Berceau de nos Ancêtres (French)
O Cameroon, Cradle of our Forefathers 1
|-||Prime Minister||Philémon Yang|
|Independence from France|
|-||Declared||1 January 1960|
|-||Annexation of former British Cameroon||1 October 1961|
|-||Total||475,442 km2 (54th)
183,568 sq mi
|-||July 2009 estimate||19,100,000 (58th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
|-||Per capita||$2,218 (144th)|
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
|HDI (2011)|| 0.482
low · 150th
|Currency||Central African CFA franc (XAF)|
|Time zone||WAT (UTC+1)|
|-||Summer (DST)||not observed (UTC+1)|
|Drives on the||right|
|1.||These are the titles as given in the Constitution of the Republic of Cameroon, Article X. The French version of the song is sometimes called "Chant de Ralliement", as in National Anthems of the World, and the English version "O Cameroon, Cradle of Our Forefathers", as in DeLancey and DeLancey 61.|
Cameroon (officially called Republic of Cameroon) is a country in west Africa. Its capital is Yaoundé. The largest city in Cameroon is Douala. The population of Cameroon is about 20 million. Cameroon's president is Paul Biya, and the Prime Minister is Philémon Yang.
At 475,442 square kilometres (183,569 sq mi), Cameroon is the world's 53rd-largest country. It is about the size of Papua New Guinea. The country is in Central and West Africa on the Bight of Bonny, part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. The country's neighbours are Nigeria to the west; Chad to the northeast; the Central African Republic to the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo to the south.
The constitution divides Cameroon into 10 regions. On 12 November 2008 the President changed the divisions from provinces to regions. Each region is headed by a presidentially appointed governor.
The regions are divided into 58 divisions. These are headed by presidentially appointed divisional officers.
Some of the largest cities in Cameroon are:
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Cameroon Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.