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Republic of Equatorial Guinea

República de Guinea Ecuatorial  
République de Guinée équatoriale  
República da Guiné Equatorial  
Coat of arms of Equatorial Guinea
Coat of arms
Motto: "Unity, Peace, Justice"
Anthem: Let us walk the path of our immense happiness
Location of  Equatorial Guinea  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Equatorial Guinea  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Capital Malabo
3°45′N 8°47′E / 3.750°N 8.783°E / 3.750; 8.783
Largest city Bata
Official languages Spanish
Recognised regional languages
  • English
  • Fang
  • Mandinka
  • Bubi
  • Myene
  • Annobonese
  • Combe
  • Gujarati
  • Hassaniya Arabic
  • Susu
  • Nzebi
  • Hindi
  • Bambara
  • Igbo
  • Fulani
National language Spanish (administrative)
Ethnic groups
85.7% Fang
6.5% Bubi
3.6% Mdowe
1.6% Annobon
1.1% Bujeba
1.4% other (Spanish)
Demonym(s) Equatoguinean, Equatorial Guinean
Government Unitary presidential republic
Teodoro Obiang
Francisco Pascual Obama Asue
• from Spain
12 October 1968
• Total
28,050 km2 (10,830 sq mi) (144th)
• Water (%)
• 2009 estimate
676,000 (166th)
• Density
24.1/km2 (62.4/sq mi) (187th)
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
• Total
$24.146 billion
• Per capita
$34,824 (22nd)
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
• Total
$14.006 billion
• Per capita
HDI (2010) Increase 0.538
low · 117th
Currency Central African CFA franc (XAF)
Time zone UTC+1 (WAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+1 (not observed)
Driving side right
Calling code 240
ISO 3166 code GQ
Internet TLD .gq
a. Including Equatoguinean Spanish (Español ecuatoguineano).

The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a nation in west central Africa, and one of the smallest countries in Africa. It borders Cameroon on the north, Gabon on the south and east, and the Gulf of Guinea on the west. In the past, it was the Spanish colony of Spanish Guinea. The country's territory is both on the continent and on islands. The continental part is known as Río Muni. On one island, Bioko, is the capital, Malabo.

Equatorial Guinea is the only country in Africa where Spanish is an official language.


Equatorial Guinea is divided into seven provinces (capitals appear in parentheses):

  1. Annobón (San Antonio de Palé)
  2. Bioko Norte (Rebola)
  3. Bioko Sur (Luba)
  4. Centro Sur (Evinayong)
  5. Kié-Ntem (Ebebiyín)
  6. Litoral (Bata)
  7. Wele-Nzas (Mongomo)

The provinces are further divided into districts.

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