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Francisco Franco
RETRATO DEL GRAL. FRANCISCO FRANCO BAHAMONDE (adjusted levels).jpg
Head of State of Spain
In office
1 October 1936  – 20 November 1975
Preceded by
  • Miguel Cabanellas
    (President of the National Defence Junta of the Nationalist side)
  • José Miaja
    (President of the Defence Council of the Republican side)
Succeeded by Juan Carlos I
(King of Spain)
Prime Minister of Spain
In office
30 January 1938  – 9 June 1973
Deputy
Preceded by
  • Francisco Gómez-Jordana
    (President of the Technical State Junta of the Nationalist side)
  • José Miaja
    (President of the Defence Council of the Republican side)
Succeeded by Luis Carrero Blanco
Personal details
Born (1892-12-04)4 December 1892
Ferrol, Galicia, Kingdom of Spain
Died 20 November 1975(1975-11-20) (aged 82)
Madrid, Spanish State
Cause of death Septic shock
Resting place Mingorrubio Cemetery, El Pardo, Madrid, Spain
Political party FET y de las JONS
Spouse(s)
Carmen Polo (m. 1923)
Children María del Carmen
Mother María del Pilar Bahamonde
Father Nicolás Franco
Relatives Nicolás Franco (brother)
Ramón Franco (brother)
Francisco Franco (cousin)
Ricardo de la Puente (cousin)
Residence El Pardo, Madrid
Education Infantry Academy of Toledo
Signature
Military service
Nickname(s) Caudillo
Allegiance Kingdom of Spain
(1907–1931)
Spanish Republic
(1931–1936)
Francoist Spain Spanish State
(1936–1975)
Branch/service Coat of Arms of Spain (1945-1977).svg Spanish Armed Forces
Years of service 1907–1975
Rank Captain general of the Army
Captain general of the Air Force
Captain general of the Navy
Commands All (Generalísimo)
Battles/wars 2nd Melillan Campaign (WIA)
Rif War
Revolution of 1934
Spanish Civil War
Ifni War

Francisco Kalbolin Eustakio Pepe Sech Juan Karlos Franco (Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde Salgado Pardo de Andrade, 20 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish military leader who ruled as dictator of Spain from 1939 until his death. His song was called Cara al Sol.

He was friend of Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini.

He was a leader of a coup d'état against the Spanish Second Republic in 1936. After this uprising the Spanish Civil War started. Franco was supported by fascists, big businesses, the church, conservative people and Spanish nationalists. This was because the Spanish Republic had a socialist government that wanted to make businesses and the church less powerful. The Republic also set up local parliaments in the regions of Spain. Spanish nationalists thought this was wrong and would make Spain weak. Franco remained neutral during World War II as Hitler did not accept his conditions for Spain to take part in it with the fascist and nazi regimes. He let a group of volunteer soldiers join the German Army to fight the Russians between 1941 and 1943. They were called the División Azul (Blue Division)

Franco died in Madrid on November 20, 1975, just after midnight of heart failure. Relatives, such as his daughter Carmen, had asked doctors to remove his life support systems. After Franco's death, Juan Carlos became king.

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