kids encyclopedia robot

José Sanjurjo facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
José Sanjurjo
José Sanjurjo Sacanell.jpg
General Sanjurjo, circa 1928 – 1932
Personal details
Born (1872-03-28)28 March 1872
Pamplona, Navarra, Spain
Died 20 July 1936(1936-07-20) (aged 64)
Cascais, Portugal
Cause of death plane crash
Awards Laureate Cross of Saint Ferdinand
Order of Charles III
Military service
Nickname(s) "El León del Rif"
(The Lion of the Rif)
Allegiance Spain Kingdom of Spain (1896–1931)
 Spanish Republic (1931–1936)
Spain Nationalist Spain (1936)
Branch/service Spanish Army
Years of service 1896–1932
Rank Lieutenant General
Battles/wars Cuban War of Independence
Spanish–American War
Rif War (1909)
Rif War (1920)
Spanish Civil War

José Sanjurjo y Sacanell ( 28 March 1872 – 20 July 1936), was a Spanish general, one of the military leaders who plotted the July 1936 coup d'etat which started the Spanish Civil War.

He was endowed the nobiliary title of Marquis of the Rif in 1927.

A monarchist opponent of the Second Spanish Republic, he led a coup d'etat known as la Sanjurjada in August 1932, which was easily aborted by the authorities. Initially condemned to death, the sentence was later commuted to life imprisonment and he was eventually amnestied in 1934 by the government of Alejandro Lerroux formed after the 1933 general election.

He took part, from his self exile in Portugal, in the military plot for the 1936 coup d'etat. Following the coup, Sanjurjo, expected by some to become the commander-in-chief of the Rebel faction, was killed in an air crash on the third day of the war, when moving back to Spain. He had chosen to fly in a small, overloaded plane, because the pilot was a friend of his. Sabotage was suspected, but never proven.

kids search engine
José Sanjurjo Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.