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Republic of Angola

República de Angola  (Portuguese)
Motto: 
  • Virtus Unita Fortior  (Latin)
  • (English: "Virtue is stronger when united")
Anthem: "Angola Avante"
(English: "Onwards Angola")
Angola (orthographic projection).svg
Location Angola AU Africa.svg
Capital
and largest city
Luanda
8°50′S 13°20′E / 8.833°S 13.333°E / -8.833; 13.333
Official languages Portuguese
National languages
Ethnic groups
(2000)
37% Ovimbundu
25% Ambundu
13% Bakongo
21% Other African
2% Mestiço (mixed European and African)
1% Chinese
1% European
Religion
(2015)
Demonym(s)
  • Angolan
Government Unitary dominant-party presidential constitutional republic
João Lourenço
Bornito de Sousa
Legislature National Assembly
Formation
• Independence from Portugal, under Communist rule
11 November 1975
• United Nations full membership
22 November 1976
• Current constitution
21 January 2010
Area
• Total
1,246,700 km2 (481,400 sq mi) (22nd)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2020 estimate
31,127,674 (46th)
• 2014 census
25,789,024
• Density
24.97/km2 (64.7/sq mi) (157th)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$208.034 billion (64th)
• Per capita
$6,850 (107th)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$124.600 billion (61st)
• Per capita
$4,101 (91st)
Gini (2018) 51.3
high
HDI (2019) Increase 0.581
medium · 148th
Currency Kwanza (AOA)
Time zone UTC+1 (WAT)
Driving side right
Calling code +244
ISO 3166 code AO
Internet TLD .ao

Angola,, officially the Republic of Angola, is a country in southern Africa bordered by Namibia on the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the north, and Zambia on the east; its west coast is on the Atlantic Ocean with Luanda as its capital city.

Angola is a member state of the African Union, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Latin Union, South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone and the Southern African Development Community.

History

Portugal built up its power in Angola from the late 15th to the middle 20th century.

After independence there was a civil war from 1975 to 2002. Cuba and the Soviet Bloc supported the ruling People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA). South Africa supported the insurgent anti-communist National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). The war ended after the rebel leader was killed.

Geography

Angola is the world's twenty-third largest country. Angola is bordered by Namibia to the south, Zambia to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north-east, and the South Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Climate

Angola's average temperature on the coast is 16 °C (61 °F) in the winter and 21 °C (70 °F) in the summer. It has two seasons; dry (May to October) and hot rainy (November to April).

Demographics

Angola Map
Map of Angola

Angola had a population of 25,789,024 in 2014.

Provinces

Angola is divided into eighteen provinces.

Map key Province Capital
1 Bengo Caxito
2 Benguela Benguela
3 Bié Kuito
4 Cabinda Cabinda
5 Cuando Cubango Menongue
6 Cuanza Norte N'dalatando
7 Cuanza Sul Sumbe
8 Cunene Ondjiva
9 Huambo Huambo
10 Huíla Lubango
11 Luanda Luanda
12 Lunda Norte Lucapa
13 Lunda Sul Saurimo
14 Malanje Malanje
15 Moxico Luena
16 Namibe Namibe
17 Uíge Uíge
18 Zaire M'banza-Kongo

See List of settlements in Angola for the cities and towns in the country.

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