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Republic of Zambia

Coat of arms of Zambia
Coat of arms
"One Zambia, One Nation"
Location of Zambia
and largest city
15°25′S 28°17′E / 15.417°S 28.283°E / -15.417; 28.283
Official languages English
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s) Zambian
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Edgar Lungu
• Vice President
Inonge Wina
Legislature National Assembly
• North-Western Rhodesia
27 June 1890
• Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia
28 November 1899
• North-Eastern Rhodesia
29 January 1900
17 August 1911
• Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
1 August 1953
• Republic of Zambia
24 October 1964
• Current constitution
5 January 2016
• Established
• Total
752,618 km2 (290,587 sq mi) (38th)
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
17,351,708 (65th)
• 2010 census
• Density
17.2/km2 (44.5/sq mi) (191st)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$75.857 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$23.946 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2015) 57.1
HDI (2019) Decrease 0.584
medium · 146th
Currency Zambian kwacha (ZMW)
Time zone UTC+2 (CAT)
Driving side left
Calling code +260
ISO 3166 code ZM
Internet TLD .zm
Flag of Zambia (WFB 2004)
The flag of Zambia

The Republic of Zambia is a country in southern Africa. It shares its borders with the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west. It was called Northern Rhodesia and it is currently named after the Zambezi River. Zambia is a undiscovered tourist hub home to one of the seven natural wonders of the world. The might Victoria falls. Zambia is a melting pot of culture and diversity yet to be appreciated with at least 72 spoken languages.

The capital of Zambia is Lusaka, which is also the largest city in the country. Edgar Lungu is the current president. Its motto is One Zambia, One Nation and its national anthem is Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free. Its official language is English.


Zambia originated from Northern Rhodesia which was a colony of Great Britain. In 1964 Zambia became an independent country. The first president was Kenneth Kaunda, who ruled Zambia for 27 years with his party UNIP. Zambia was a one party democracy. UNIP was the only legal party and all other parties were banned.

After protests, democratic elections were held in 1991. Kenneth Kaunda lost the elections and gave away his power in an orderly manner to his successor Frederick Chiluba, a former union leader.

Zambia is now a multi-party democracy. It has had three democratic elections since 1991. The latest presidential election was in 2016, which was won by edger lungu against hakahende hichilema.


In the 1960s, Zambia was making a lot of money because of the copper deposits that were mined in Copperbelt province. When copper became cheaper in the 1970s, the economy got worse because people in Zambia were not making as much money from selling copper.

Today, Zambia is a poor country. It does not have many industries. Copper is still its main export. Commercial farming in Zambia is starting to make more money.


Zambia provinces named
The provinces of Zambia

Zambia is divided into nine provinces. Each province is divided into several districts. There are 72 districts all together. The provinces are:


The important places in Zambia are:

Cities in Zambia
Rank City Population Province Image
Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000 Est. 2007
1. Lusaka 735,830 1,069,353 1,684,703 2,146,522 Lusaka Lusaka.jpg
2. Ndola 297,490 367,228 397,757 467,529 Copperbelt Ndola01.jpg
3. Kitwe 283,962 288,602 363,734 409,865 Copperbelt Kitwe.jpg
4. Kabwe 127,422 154,318 176,758 193,100 Central Big Tree Natl Mont Kabwe.JPG
5. Chingola 130,872 142,383 147,448 148,469 Copperbelt
6. Mufulira 138,824 123,936 122,336 119,291 Copperbelt
7. Livingstone 61,296 76,875 97,488 113,849 Southern Livingstone2.jpg
8. Luanshya 113,422 118,143 115,579 112,029 Copperbelt Luanshya1.jpg
9. Kasama 36,269 47,653 74,243 98,613 Northern
10. Chipata 33,627 52,213 73,110 91,416 Eastern Chipata - roadside clothes vendors.JPG

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