kids encyclopedia robot

Tanzania facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
United Republic of Tanzania

Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania  (Swahili)
Coat of arms of Tanzania
Coat of arms
Motto: "Uhuru na Umoja" (Swahili)
"Freedom and Unity"
Anthem: Mungu ibariki Afrika
'God Bless Africa'
Location of  Tanzania  (dark blue)in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Tanzania  (dark blue)

in the African Union  (light blue)

Location of Tanzania
Capital

Dodoma (de jure)

Dar es Salaam (de facto)
Largest city Dar es Salaam
Official languages Swahili, English, Arabic (Zanzibar)
National language Swahili
Religion
(2010 estimate)
Christianity 61.4%
Islam 35.2%
Folk Religion 1.8%
Irreligious 1.4%
Other 0.2%
Demonym(s) Tanzanian
Government Unitary presidential republic
John Pombe Magufuli
• Vice President
Samia Suluhu
Kassim Majaliwa
• Speaker
Job Ndugai
• Chief Justice
Ibrahim Hamis Juma
Legislature National Assembly
Independence from the United Kingdom
9 December 1961
• Zanzibar and Pemba
10 December 1963
• Merger
26 April 1964
• Current constitution
25 April 1977
Area
• Total
947,303 km2 (365,756 sq mi) (31st)
• Water (%)
6.4
Population
• 2018 estimate
56,313,438 (28th)
• 2012 census
44,928,923
• Density
47.5/km2 (123.0/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$163.522 billion
• Per capita
$3,296
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$51.194 billion
• Per capita
$1,032
Gini (2012) 37.8
medium
HDI (2015) Increase 0.531
low · 151st
Currency Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
Time zone UTC+3 (EAT)
Driving side left
Calling code +255
ISO 3166 code TZ
Internet TLD .tz
  1. Revised to $41.33 billion
LocationTanzania.png

Tanzania is a country in East Africa. The official languages are Kiswahili and English. It is next to Africa's biggest lake, Lake Victoria.

In 2017, there were about 54,000,000 people living in Tanzania. They are divided into 120 tribes; none have more than 10% of the population. Tanzania is a multicultural society. There are many languages & religions in Tanzania; the main ones being Christianity and Arabic.

The president of the United Republic of Tanzania is John Magufuli. Tanzania is a member of the United Nations, UNIDO, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement, SADC, PTA, and the ADB. It is also signatory to the Lome Convention.

Mainland Tanzania (formerly Tanganyika) received independence in December 1961, while Zanzibar gained her independence in January 1964, through a revolution. The two countries joined together to form the United Republic of Tanzania in April 1964. Until July 1992, Tanzania was a one-party state. Following a Presidential Commission, the country has started a multi-party political system. It has held successful general elections in 1995 and 2000. "

Regions

Tanzania regions
Regions of Tanzania

Tanzania is divided into 26 Regions. 21 are on the mainland and five in Zanzibar.

Tanzania's regions are: Arusha · Dar es Salaam · Dodoma · Iringa · Kagera · Kigoma · Kilimanjaro · Lindi · Manyara · Mara · Mbeya · Morogoro · Mtwara · Mwanza · Pemba North · Pemba South · Pwani · Rukwa · Ruvuma · Shinyanga · Singida · Tabora · Tanga · Zanzibar Central/South · Zanzibar North · Zanzibar Urban/West

Related pages


Images for kids

kids search engine
Tanzania Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.