Tanzania facts for kids

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United Republic of Tanzania

Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
Flag of Tanzania
Coat of arms
Motto: "Uhuru na Umoja"  (Swahili)
"Freedom and Unity"
Anthem: Mungu ibariki Afrika
"God Bless Africa"
Tanzania (orthographic projection).svg
Capital Dodoma
Largest city Dar es Salaam
Official languages Swahili (de facto)
English (Higher courts, higher education)
Demonym(s) Tanzanian
Government Federal presidential constitutional republic
• President
John Magufuli
• Prime Minister
Kassim Majaliwa
9 December 1961
10 December 1963
• Merger
26 April 1964
• Total
945,203 km2 (364,945 sq mi) (31st)
• Water (%)
• 2010 estimate
43,188,000 (30th)
• 2003 census
• Density
46.3/km2 (119.9/sq mi) (124th)
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
• Total
$72.686 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
• Total
$29.012 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2007) 37.6
HDI (2012) Increase 0.466
low · 152nd
Currency Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
Time zone UTC+3 (EAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (not observed)
Driving side left
Calling code +2552
ISO 3166 code TZ
Internet TLD .tz
1 Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.
² 007 from Kenya and Uganda.

Tanzania is a country in East Africa. The official languages are Kiswahili and English. It is next to Africa's biggest lake, Lake Victoria.

In 1997, there were about 29,647,000 people living in Tanzania. They are divided into 120 tribes; none have more than 10% of the population. Tanzania is a multicultural society with people from many different cultures. There are many languages & religions in Tanzania; the main ones being Christianity and Arabic.

Tanzania is a very poor country. Their biggest export is the fish from the Lake Victoria, especially the nile perch. They send about 100 tons of fish to Europe and America every day. It's still not a lot of money. Most of the people in Tanzania work in agriculture. Agriculture in Tanzania is mainly very small farms. They grow coffee, cotton, sisal, tea, tobacco, and cashew nuts.

The president of the United Republic of Tanzania is John Magufuli. Tanzania is a member of the United Nations, UNIDO, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement, SADC, PTA, and the ADB. It is also signatory to the Lome Convention.

Mainland Tanzania (formerly Tanganyika) received independence in December 1961, while Zanzibar gained her independence in January 1964, through a revolution. The two countries joined together to form the United Republic of Tanzania in April 1964. Until July 1992, Tanzania was a one-party state. Following a Presidential Commission, the country has started a multi-party political system. It has held successful general elections in 1995 and 2000.


Tanzania regions
Regions of Tanzania

Tanzania is divided into 26 Regions. 21 are on the mainland and five in Zanzibar.

Tanzania's regions are: Arusha · Dar es Salaam · Dodoma · Iringa · Kagera · Kigoma · Kilimanjaro · Lindi · Manyara · Mara · Mbeya · Morogoro · Mtwara · Mwanza · Pemba North · Pemba South · Pwani · Rukwa · Ruvuma · Shinyanga · Singida · Tabora · Tanga · Zanzibar Central/South · Zanzibar North · Zanzibar Urban/West

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Tanzania Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.