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Republic of Uganda
Jamhuri ya Uganda

Coat of arms of Uganda
Coat of arms
Motto: For God and My Country
Anthem: "Oh Uganda, Land of Beauty"
Uganda (orthographic projection).svg
and largest city
Official languages English, Swahili
Vernacular languages Luganda, Luo, Runyankore, Runyoro, Ateso, Lumasaba, Lusoga, Samia, Swahili
Ethnic groups
Baganda 16.9%
Banyankole 9.5%
Basoga 8.4%
Bakiga 6.9%
Iteso 6.4%
Langi 6.1%
Acholi 4.7%
Bagisu 4.6%
Lugbara 4.2%
Bunyoro 2.7%
Kalenjin 1.0%
other 28.6%
Demonym(s) Ugandan
Government Dominant-party system
Yoweri Museveni
Ruhakana Rugunda
• from the United Kingdom
9 October 1962
• Total
236,040 km2 (91,140 sq mi) (81st)
• Water (%)
• 2009 estimate
32,369,558 (37th)
• 2014 census
• Density
143.7/km2 (372.2/sq mi) (80th)
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
• Total
$42.194 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
• Total
$17.703 billion
• Per capita
Gini (1998) 43
HDI (2010) Increase 0.422
low · 143rd
Currency Ugandan shilling (UGX)
Time zone UTC+3 (EAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (not observed)
Driving side left
Calling code +2561
ISO 3166 code UG
Internet TLD .ug

1 006 from Kenya and Tanzania.
Location of Uganda
Centrum kampala
Kampala, Capital of Uganda
Mbarara at Sundown

The Republic of Uganda is a landlocked country in east Africa. Its capital and biggest city is Kampala.

The currency is the Ugandan Shilling. The official languages of Uganda are English and Swahili. The most common religion is Christianity. The President of Uganda is Yoweri Kaguta Museveni. The country is to the East of Africa. The population of Uganda is 32 million people. The area of Uganda is about 236,040 km2.

Uganda produces coffee and copper.

The literacy rate of Uganda is 68%, which mean people in Uganda who are at least 15 years old know how to read and write.

Uganda is among countries thought to be very corrupt by Transparency International. It is rated at 2.4 on a scale from 0 (the most corrupt) to 10 (the most clean). Uganda is one of the poorest nations in the world. 37.7 percent of the people live on less than $1.25 a day.


The history of Uganda comprises the history of the people who inhabited the territory of present-day Uganda before the establishment of the Republic of Uganda, and the history of that country once it was established. Evidence from the Paleolithic era shows humans have inhabited Uganda for at least 50,000 years. The forests of Uganda were gradually cleared for agriculture by people who probably spoke Central Sudanic languages.

In 1894, Uganda became a protectorate of the British Empire, and in 1962 the United Kingdom granted independence to Uganda making Sir Edward Muteesa Walugembe the first President of Uganda and Kabaka of Buganda. Idi Amin deposed Milton Obote to became ruler of Uganda in 1971, a position he would occupy for eight years until he was ousted in 1979 as a result of the Uganda-Tanzania War. After a series of other leaders since Amin's fall, Yoweri Museveni came to power in 1986 and has led Uganda since that time.


Uganda is almost completely in the Nile basin. At the centre of the country is Lake Kyoga. Although landlocked, Uganda has many large lakes. Besides Lake Victoria and Lake Kyoga, there are Lake Albert, Lake Edward and the smaller Lake George. Most important cities are in the south, near Lake Victoria, including the capital Kampala and the nearby city of Entebbe.

The climate is mostly equatorial. But it is not the same everywhere because there are some changes in altitude. The difference in altitude changes the climate. Southern Uganda is wetter with rain generally throughout the year. At Entebbe on the northern shore of Lake Victoria, most rain falls from March to June and in the November/December period. Further to the north a dry season slowly emerges. At Gulu about 120 km from the South Sudanese border, November to February is much drier than the rest of the year.


The largest cities in Uganda are:

25 Largest Cities in Uganda (2011 Estimates)
Rank Name 2011 Population Estimate
1 Kampala 1,659,600
2 Kira 179,800
3 Gulu 154,300
4 Lira 108,600
5 Mbale 91,800
6 Nansana 89,900
7 Jinja 89,700
8 Mbarara 83,700
9 Entebbe 79,700
10 Kasese 74,300
11 Masaka 74,100
12 Soroti 66,000
13 Njeru 64,900
14 Kitgum 59,700
15 Arua 59,400
16 Mukono 59,000
17 Iganga 53,700
18 Koboko 51,300
19 Busia 47,100
20 Fort Portal 47,100
21 Kabale 44,600
22 Masindi 45,400
23 Tororo 43,700
24 Hoima 42,600
25 Mityana 39,300

Culture and sport

Because there are so many communities, culture in Uganda is diverse. Many Asians (mostly from India) who had to leave during the regime of Amin have returned to Uganda.

Football is the national sport in Uganda. Games with the Ugandan national football team usually attract large crowds of Ugandans. The Ugandan Super League is the top division of Ugandan football. There are 16 clubs from across the country. It was made in 1968. Uganda's most famous footballers are David Obua of Scottish club Hearts and Ibrahim Sekagya, who is the captain of the national team. Uganda's notable past greats of the game include Denis Obua, Majid Musisi, Fimbo Mukasa and Paul Kasule.

Cricket has become more popular. Uganda won the World Cricket League (WCL) Division 3 in 2007.

In 2007, the Uganda national rugby union team were victorious in the 2007 Africa Cup, beating Madagascar in the final.

Hockey is the only Ugandan field sport to date to have qualified for and represented the country at the Olympics. This was at the 1972 Summer Olympics. Uganda won gold medals at the Olympics in athletics with legendary hurdler John Akii-Bua in 1972 and marathon winner at the London 2012 Olympics Stephen Kiprotich.

In July 2011 Kampala, Uganda qualified for the 2011 Little League World Series. Due to visa trouble they were unable to attend the Series. In 2012, Uganda qualified again for the Little League World Series. This time they were able to attend.

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