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List of countries by Human Development Index facts for kids

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2016 UN Human Development Report (Quartiles)
World map indicating the categories of Human Development Index by country (based on 2015 and 2016 data, published on 21 March 2017).
     Very high      High      Medium      Low      Data unavailable
2016 UN Human Development Report
World map indicating the Human Development Index (based on 2015 and 2016 data, published on 21 March 2017).
     0.900 and over      0.850–0.899      0.800–0.849      0.750–0.799      0.700–0.749      0.650–0.699      0.600–0.649      0.550–0.599      0.500–0.549      0.450–0.499      0.400–0.449      0.350–0.399      0.349 and under      Data unavailable

This is a list of all countries by Human Development Index as included in a United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report (released on 2 November 2011, put together based on estimates for 2011. It covers 185 member states of the United Nations (out of 193), along with Hong Kong (of the People's Republic of China), and the Palestinian territories; 8 UN member states are not included because there is not enough data. The average HDI of regions of the World and groups of countries are also included for comparison.

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education and standards of living for countries worldwide. It is a standard way of measuring well-being, especially child welfare. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing or an under-developed country, and also to measure the effect of economic policies on quality of life. The index was developed in 1990 by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and Indian economist Amartya Sen.

Countries fall into four wide human development categories, each of which has 47 countries: Very High Human Development, High Human Development, Medium Human Development and Low Human Development (46 countries in this category).

From 2007 to 2010, the first two categories was referred to as developed countries, and the last two are all grouped in developing countries. The original "high human development" category has been split into two as above in the report for 2007.

Some older groupings (high/medium/low income countries) that have been removed were based on the gross domestic product (GDP) in purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, and have been replaced by another index based on the gross national income (GNI) in purchasing power parity per capita.

The country with the largest decrease in HDI since 1998 is Zimbabwe, falling from 0.514 in 1998 to 0.140 in 2010. The country with the largest decrease since 2009 is Cape Verde, which decreased by 0.170.

Over half of the world's population live in countries with "medium human development" (51%), while less than a fifth (18%) of the world's population are in countries that are in the "low human development" category. Countries with "high" to "very high" human development account for less than a third of the world's total population (30%).

Complete list of countries

  • Increase = increase.
  • Steady = steady.
  • Decrease = decrease.

Very high human development

High human development

Medium human development

Low human development

List of countries by continent

Africa

Asia

Europe

North America and the Caribbean

South America

Oceania

List of countries by non-continental region

Arab League

Commonwealth of Nations

East Asia and the Pacific

European Union

HDI by regions and groups

Countries missing from latest report

UN member states (latest UNDP data)

Year Country HDI Rank Source
Publication Data
Very high human development
2009 2008  San Marino 0.961 21
2009 2008  Monaco 0.956 25
High human development
2009 2008  Marshall Islands 0.738 155
2009 2008  North Korea 0.733 156
2009 2008  Nauru 0.721 164
2009 2008  Tuvalu 0.711 168
Low human development
2009 2008  Somalia 0.364 229

Note: 2009 publication uses old HDI formula

Non-UN member states (latest UNDP data)

Year Country or territory HDI Rank Source
Publication Data
High human development
N/A 2016  Kosovo 0.739 N/A

Non-UN members (not calculated by the UNDP)

Year Country or territory HDI Rank Source
Publication Data
Very high human development
2017 2015  Macau 0.905 17
2017 2015  Taiwan 0.885 27
2017 2015  Puerto Rico 0.845 40
2012 2010  Guadeloupe 0.822 39
2012 2010  Martinique 0.813 41
2009 2008  Jersey 0.985 2
2009 2008  Cayman Islands 0.983 4
2009 2008  Bermuda 0.981 7
2009 2008  Guernsey 0.975 9
2009 2008  Gibraltar 0.961 20
2009 2008  Norfolk Island 0.958 23
2009 2008  Faroe Islands 0.950 33
2009 2008  Isle of Man 0.950 34
2009 2008  British Virgin Islands 0.945 35
2009 2008  Falkland Islands 0.933 43
2009 2008  Aruba 0.908 49
2009 2008  Guam 0.901 54
High human development
2012 2010  New Caledonia 0.789 51
2012 2010  Wallis and Futuna 0.763 65
2012 2010  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0.762 66
2012 2010 Proposed flag of Réunion (VAR).svg Réunion 0.750 72
2012 2010  French Guiana 0.739 76
2012 2010  French Polynesia 0.737 77
2012 2010 Saint Martin 0.702 n/a
2009 2008  U.S. Virgin Islands 0.894 59
2009 2008  Northern Mariana Islands 0.875 71
2009 2008  Turks and Caicos Islands 0.873 72
2009 2008  Greenland 0.869 76
2009 2008  Anguilla 0.865 79
2009 2008  Cook Islands 0.829 101
2009 2008  American Samoa 0.827 103
2009 2008  Montserrat 0.821 106
Medium human development
2012 2010  Saint Barthélemy 0.688 n/a
2012 2010  Mayotte 0.653 104
2009 2008  Saint Helena 0.797 125
2009 2008  Niue 0.794 129
2009 2008  Tokelau 0.750 149
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List of countries by Human Development Index Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.