Tajikistan facts for kids
|Republic of Tajikistan
|Anthem: Surudi Milli
National anthem of Tajikistan
and largest city
|Official languages||Tajik (Persian) (state)|
|Recognised regional languages||Russian (inter-ethnic communication)|
|Ethnic groups (2000)||Tajik 79.9%
|Government||Unitary semi-presidential republic|
|-||Prime Minister||Habibullo Abdualimov|
|Independence (from the Soviet Union)|
|-||Establishment of the Samanid Empire||875 AD|
|-||Declared||September 9, 1991|
|-||Completed||December 25, 1991|
|-||Total||143,100 km2 (102nd)
55,251 sq mi
|-||2011 estimate||7,616,000 (98th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2010 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2013 estimate|
|HDI (2011)|| 0.607
medium · 127th
|Time zone||TJT (UTC+5)|
|Drives on the||right|
|1.||Estimate from State Statistical Committee of Tajikistan, 2008; rank based on UN figures for 2005.|
Tajikistan is a country in South-central Asia. It was previously part of the Soviet Union. Tajikistan is a republic. The capital city is Dushanbe. The official language is Tajik,which is a dialect of Farsi (Persian).
Tajikistan is a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States, the CIS. Tajikistan is eighth in size of CIS countries.
Tajikistan is one of the new countries in South-central Asia. It is west of China, north of Afghanistan and Pakistan, that is separated by a narrow 14 km strip of Tajik claimed land known as the Wakhan Corridor in the Pamirs, east of Uzbekistan and south of Kyrgyzstan.
The climate has hot summers and mild winters.
Almost all of the country (85 percent) is mountainous with river-valleys running across, however high altitude mountains of Pomir are in the eastern part of the country, (which is the west end of the Himalayas). The climate there is semiarid to polar. The mountains cover an area of about 120,000 km2 (46,000 sq mi). There are other countries within the mountain range. The mountains are between 3,600 to 4,400 metres (11,800 to 14,400 ft) high.
Karakul lake is located within a 52-kilometre-wide (32 mi) meteorite crater, which would have formed about 25 million years ago, or less than 5 million years ago.
In the year 800, Islam came to Tajikistan.
Rahmon Nabiev, who ran the country during Soviet Union in the late 1970s and early 1980s, become its president. He was unable to bring any much needed reforms to the country, and so there were protests in the capital city, Dushanbe. The government responded by organising a pro-government demonstration, mainly made of old Communist Party members and people from the southeast of the country brought to the city. Anti-government protests did not stop, so the government gave weapons to the pro-government demonstrator. Then the Opposition armed themselves.
After this bloody civil war broke out. In which all of the new democratic parties, political organisations and movements together with the political Islamic movements created an alliance, opposing the old communist government and southerners.
After the September 11, 2001 attacks, many American and French Soldiers came into the country.
Tajikistan is divided into 4 provinces.
|Division||ISO 3166-2||Capital||Area (km²)||Pop (2008)|
|Region of Republican Subordination||TJ-RR||Dushanbe||28,600||1,606,900|
Images for kids
19th-century painting of lake Zorkul and a local Tajik inhabitant.
The TadAZ aluminium smelting plant, in Tursunzoda, is the largest aluminium manufacturing plant in Central Asia, and Tajikistan's chief industrial asset.
Tajik young women during Navrūz (Persian New Year). They are holding sprouting plants which symbolize rebirth.
A mosque in Isfara, Tajikistan
Tajikistan Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.