Ukrainian language facts for kids
|Українська мова Ukrayins'ka mova|
|Native speakers||35-37 million (2009)|
Old East Slavic
|Writing system||Cyrillic (Ukrainian alphabet)
|Official language in|
|Recognised minority language in|
|Regulated by||National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine: Institute for the Ukrainian Language, Ukrainian language-informatical fund, Potebnya Institute of Language Studies|
|Linguasphere||53-AAA-ed < 53-AAA-e
(varieties: 53-AAA-eda to 53-AAA-edq)
Ukrainian is the second most spoken Slavic language. It is the official language of Ukraine. There are 37 million speakers in Ukraine. Most of them are native speakers. All over the world there are more than 50 million speakers.
The Ukrainian language is written with Cyrillic letters.
Some words are similar to the Polish language.
The Ukrainian alphabet with transliteration and German transcription:
|Capital letter(HTML-Entity)||Small letter(HTML-Entity)||Academic
|А (А)||а (а)||A a||A a||A a|
|Б (Б)||б (б)||B b||B b||B b|
|В (В)||в (в)||V v||V v||W w|
|Г (Г)||г (г)||H h||H h||H h|
|Ґ (Ґ)||ґ (ґ)||G g||G g||G g|
|Д (Д)||д (д)||D d||D d||D d|
|Е (Е)||е (е)||E e||E e||E e|
|Є (Є)||є (є)||Je je||Ye ye||Je je|
|Ж (Ж)||ж (ж)||Ž ž||Zh zh||Sch (Sh) sch (sh)|
|З (З)||з (з)||Z z||Z z||S s|
|И (И)||и (и)||Y y||Y y||Y y|
|І (І)||і (і)||I i||I i||I i|
|Ї (Ї)||ї (ї)||Ji ji||Yi yi||Ji ji|
|Й (Й)||й (й)||J j 1||Y y||J j|
|К (К)||к (к)||K k||K k (instead ks x)||K k (instead ks x)|
|Л (Л)||л (л)||L l||L l||L l|
|М (М)||м (м)||M m||M m||M m|
|Н (Н)||н (н)||N n||N n||N n|
|О (О)||о (о)||O o||O o||O o|
|П (П)||п (п)||P p||P p||P p|
|Р (Р)||р (р)||R r||R r||R r|
|С (С)||с (с)||S s||S s||S s (between vowels ss)|
|Т (Т)||т (т)||T t||T t||T t|
|У (У)||у (у)||U u||U u||U u|
|Ф (Ф)||ф (ф)||F f||F f||F f|
|Х (Х)||х (х)||Ch ch||Kh, kh||Ch ch|
|Ц (Ц)||ц (ц)||C c||Ts ts||Z z|
|Ч (Ч)||ч (ч)||Č č||Ch ch||Tsch tsch|
|Ш (Ш)||ш (ш)||Š š||Sh sh||Sch sch|
|Щ (Щ)||щ (щ)||Šč šč||Shch shch||Schtsch schtsch (Stsch stsch)|
|Ь (Ь)||ь (ь)||’ (apostrophe) before vowel j 2||’ (apostrophe) before vowel y (Soft sign)||(–) bzw. j|
|Ю (Ю)||ю (ю)||Ju Ju||Yu yu||Ju ju|
|Я (Я)||я (я)||Ja ja||Ya ya||Ja ja|
Images for kids
The 1921 Soviet recruitment poster. It uses traditional Ukrainian imagery with Ukrainian-language text: "Son! Enroll in the school of Red commanders, and the defense of Soviet Ukraine will be ensured."
While Russian was a de facto official language of the Soviet Union in all but formal name, all national languages were proclaimed equal. The name and denomination of Soviet banknotes were listed in the languages of all fifteen Soviet republics. On this 1961 one-ruble note, the Ukrainian for "one ruble", один карбованець (odyn karbovanets`), directly follows the Russian один рубль (odin rubl`).
Modern signs in the Kiev Metro are in Ukrainian. The evolution in their language followed the changes in the language policies in post-war Ukraine. Originally, all signs and voice announcements in the metro were in Ukrainian, but their language was changed to Russian in the early 1980s, at the height of Shcherbytsky's gradual Russification. In the perestroika liberalization of the late 1980s, the signs were changed to bilingual. This was accompanied by bilingual voice announcements in the trains. In the early 1990s, both signs and voice announcements were changed again from bilingual to Ukrainian-only during the de-russification campaign that followed Ukraine's independence. Since 2012 the signs have been in both Ukrainian and English.
Ukrainian language Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.