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Moldova facts for kids

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Coordinates: 47°N 29°E / 47°N 29°E / 47; 29

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Republic of Moldova

Republica Moldova (language?)
Coat of arms of Moldova
Coat of arms
Anthem: 
Limba Noastră
"Our Language"
Location of Moldova (green) and Transnistria (light green) in Europe.
Location of Moldova (green) and
Transnistria (light green) in Europe.
Capital Chișinău
47°0′N 28°55′E / 47.000°N 28.917°E / 47.000; 28.917
Largest city capital a
Recognised regional languages Bulgarian, Gagauz, Ukrainian
Inter-ethnic
language
Russian
Demonym(s) Moldovan
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
Maia Sandu
Aureliu Ciocoi (acting)
Legislature Parliament
Independence from the USSR
• Sovereignty declared
23 June 1990
• Independence declared
27 August 1991b
25 December 1991
• Constitution adopted
29 July 1994
Area
• Total
33,846 km2 (13,068 sq mi) (138th)
• Water (%)
1.4
Population
• 2014 estimate
2,913,281
(excluding Transnistria)
(133rd)
• 2004 census
3,383,332
(excluding Transnistria)
3,938,679
(including Transnistria)
• Density
105/km2 (271.9/sq mi) (101st)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$18.057 billion
• Per capita
$5,082
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$6.084 billion
• Per capita
$1,712
Gini (2010)  33.0
medium
HDI (2014) Increase 0.693
medium · 107th
Currency Leu (MDL)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Driving side right
Calling code +373
ISO 3166 code MD
Internet TLD .md
  1. As determined by the Moldovan Declaration of Independence, which the Constitutional court of Moldova found to take precedence over Article 13 of the Constitution, which uses the name "Moldovan".
  2. Date of proclamation. Independence subsequently finalized with the dissolution of the USSR in December 1991.

Moldova is a country in Eastern Europe. Its full name is the Republic of Moldova (Romanian: Republica Moldova, .) It used to be called Moldavia.

The official language in Moldova is the Romanian language. The capital of Moldova is Chișinău.

The Russian Empire took almost half of the Principality of Moldova in 1812 and called it Bessarabia. Between 1918 - 1940 and 1941-1944 it was part of the Kingdom of Romania. It became independent from the Soviet Union after its dissolution.

The average monthly salary/wages are still low, standing at only $243 USD. Moldova is an associated country for future membership in the European Union.

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