Romani language facts for kids
|Native to||Central and Eastern Europe and Romani diaspora|
|Native speakers||2.5 million (2000–2004)|
|Recognised minority language in||(Not official language) Germany, Hungary, Sweden|
Romani or Romany (native name: romani ćhib) is the language of the Roma and Sinti. The Indo-Aryan Romani language should not be confused with either Romanian (spoken by Romanians), or Romansh (spoken in parts of southeastern Switzerland), both of which are Romance languages.
Analysis of the Romani language has shown that it is closely related to those spoken in central and northern India, Pothwari in particular. This linguistic relationship is believed to indicate the Roma's and Sinti's geographical origin. Loanwords in Romani make it possible to trace the pattern of their migration westwards.
The following table shows the distribution of Romani speakers in Europe according to Bakker et al. (2000) . The last column shows the percentage of Romani speakers in the Roma population in each country.
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||40,000||90%|
|Serbia and Montenegro||380,000||90%|
- Bakker Peter et al. 2000. What is the Romani language? Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press.
- Hancock, Ian. 2001. Ame sam e rromane džene / We are the Romani People. The Open Society Institute, New York.
- Lee, Ronald. 2005. Learn Romani Das-dúma Rromanes Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press
- Masica, Colin. 1991. The Indo-Aryan Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Matras, Yaron. 2002. Romani: A linguistic introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Sarău, Gheorghe. 1997. Rromii, India şi limba rromani. Bucureşti.
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