Serbia facts for kids

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Republic of Serbia

Република Србија
Republika Srbija
Flag of Serbia
Coat of arms of Serbia
Coat of arms
Anthem: Боже правде / Bože pravde
God of justice
Location of Serbia (green) – Kosovo (light green) on the European continent (dark grey)
Location of Serbia (green) – Kosovo (light green)
on the European continent (dark grey)
and largest city
Official languages Serbian1
Ethnic groups
82.9% Serbs,
3.9% Hungarians,
1.8% Bosniaks,
1.4% Roma,
10.0% others
(excluding Kosovo)
Demonym(s) Serbian
Government Parliamentary republic
Tomislav Nikolić
• Prime Minister
Aleksandar Vučić
• First state
• Kingdom
• Raised to Empire
• Tributary monarchy
• Independent republic
• Total
88,361 km2 (34,116 sq mi) (112th)
• Water (%)
(including Kosovo)
• 2011 estimate
7 243 007 (excluding Kosovo) (100th)
• 2002 census
7,498,001 (excluding Kosovo)
• Density
919/km2 (2,380.2/sq mi) (112th)
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
• Total
$79.013 billion (75th)
• Per capita
$10,661 (excluding Kosovo) (74th)
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
• Total
46.444 billion (80th)
• Per capita
$6,267 (excluding Kosovo) (79th)
Gini (2008) 26
HDI (2011) 0.766
high · 59th
Currency Serbian dinar (RSD)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving side right
Calling code 381
ISO 3166 code RS
Internet TLD .rs, .срб
1 See also regional minority languages recognized by the ECRML
Serbia DisputedKosovo Map
Political map of Serbia
Kanjon Rače sa vidikovca Crnjeskovo, Nacionalni park Tara
Wooded canyon in Tara National Park, Serbia
Pančićev vrh during winter
Kopaonik national park, during winter
Marble Studenica monastery built in 1196, World Heritage Sites

The Republic of Serbia (Serbian: Република Србија / Repbulika Srbija) is a country in Southeastern Europe. The capital city is Belgrade. To the north of Serbia is the country Hungary. To the east of Serbia are the countries Bulgaria and Romania. To the south of Serbia are countries Macedonia and Albania. To the west of Serbia are the countries Montenegro (the country that was once united with Serbia), Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.


The oldest form of writing comes from an ancient civilization which inhabited Serbia called the Vinča culture and the symbols are called the Vinča script. Serbia is also home to the earliest known copper smelting sites and the birth of the Copper Age which lead humanity out of the Stone Age and into regular use of metallurgy. The same culture contains the earliest evidence of tin alloy bronze which replaced the much weaker arsenic bronze.


Serbia is found in the Balkan peninsula and the Pannonian Plain. The Danube passes through Serbia. The Šar Mountains of Kosovo form the border with Albania. Over 31% of Serbia is covered by forest. National parks take up 10% of the country's territory. Serbia has 5 national parks and 22 nature reserves.


Serbia is classed as an upper-middle income economy.

The major processed vegetable crops in Serbia are potatoes, tomatoes and pepper. Serbia is one of the biggest world producers and exporters of raspberries. They are a leading exporter of frozen fruit.

There are four international airports in Serbia: Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport, Niš Constantine the Great Airport, Vršac International Airport and Pristina International Airport.

89% of households in Serbia have fixed telephone lines. There are over 9.60 million cell-phones users. This is larger than the number of the total population of Serbia itself by 30%.


Serbia has a total of eight sites on the UNESCO World Heritage list: The Early Medieval capital Stari Ras and the 13th-century monastery Sopoćani, and the 12th-century monastery Studenica, and the endangered Medieval Monuments in Kosovo group, comprising the monasteries of Visoki Dečani, Our Lady of Ljeviš, Gračanica and Patriarchate of Peć (former seat of the Serbian Church, mausoleum of Serbian royalty) and finally the Roman estate of Gamzigrad–Felix Romuliana. There are two literary memorials on UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme: The 12th-century Miroslav Gospel, and scientist Nikola Tesla's valuable archive.

The most prominent museum in Serbia is the National Museum of Serbia. It was founded in 1844. It houses a collection of more than 400,000 exhibits, over 5,600 paintings and 8,400 drawings and prints, and includes many foreign masterpiece collections, including Miroslav Gospel.

The official language, Serbian, is written in both the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets.

Composer and musicologist Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac is said to be one of the most important founders of modern Serbian music.

In the 1990s and the 2000s, many pop music performers rose to fame. Željko Joksimović won second place at the 2004 Eurovision Song Contest. Marija Šerifović won the 2007 Eurovision Song Contest. Serbia was the host of the Eurovision Song Contest 2008.


The most popular sports in Serbia are football, basketball, volleyball, handball, water polo and tennis.

The three main football clubs in Serbia are Red Star and Partizan, both from the capital city of Belgrade, and Vojvodina from Novi Sad.

Novak Djokovic, a multiple Grand Slam-winning tennis player and current number one, is from Serbia. Other tennis players from Serbia include Ana Ivanovic and Jelena Jankovic.

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