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Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
Map of the world indicating members and observers of the Non-Aligned Movement
     Member countries     Observer countries
Coordinating Bureau New York City, New York, U.S.
  • 125 members
  • 25 observers
• Principal decision-
making organ
Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries
• Chairperson
Nicolas Maduro
Establishment 1961 in Belgrade
as the Conference of Heads of State of Government of Non-Aligned Countries

The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is an international organization (group of countries) who do not want to be officially aligned with or against any major power bloc (group of countries). In 2018, the movement had 125 members and 25 observer countries.

The group was started in Belgrade in 1961. It was created by Yugoslavia's President, Josip Broz Tito, India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, Egypt's second President, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Ghana's first president Kwame Nkrumah, and Indonesia's first President, Sukarno. All five leaders believed that developing countries should not help either the Western or Eastern blocs in the Cold War. They also believed that developing countries should not be capitalist or communist, but should try to find a different way to help their people.

The Havana Declaration of 1979 said that the purpose of the organization is to help countries keep their "the national independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of non-aligned countries" in their "struggle against imperialism, colonialism, neocolonialism, racism, and all forms of foreign aggression, occupation, domination, interference or hegemony as well as against great power and bloc politics." This means that they wanted to govern their countries without the main capitalist powers nor the major socialist states telling them how.

The countries of the non-aligned movement are nearly two-thirds of the United Nations's members and 55% of the world population.


Between summits, the Non-Aligned Movement is run by the secretary-general elected at last summit meeting. As a considerable part of the movement's work is undertaken at the United Nations in New York, the chair country's ambassador to the UN is expected to devote time and effort to matters concerning the Non-Aligned Movement. The Coordinating Bureau, also based at the UN, is the main instrument for directing the work of the movement's task forces, committees and working groups.

Secretaries-General of the Non-Aligned Movement
Name Country Party From To
Josip Broz Tito  Yugoslavia League of Communists of Yugoslavia 1961 1964
Gamal Abdel Nasser  United Arab Republic Arab Socialist Union 1964 1970
Kenneth Kaunda  Zambia United National Independence Party 1970 1973
Houari Boumediène  Algeria Revolutionary Council 1973 1976
William Gopallawa  Sri Lanka Independent 1976 1978
Junius Richard Jayewardene United National Party 1978 1979
Fidel Castro  Cuba Communist Party of Cuba 1979 1983
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy  India Janata Party 1983
Zail Singh Congress Party 1983 1986
Robert Mugabe  Zimbabwe ZANU-PF 1986 1989
Janez Drnovšek  Yugoslavia League of Communists of Yugoslavia 1989 1990
Borisav Jović Socialist Party of Serbia 1990 1991
Stjepan (Stipe) Mesić Croatian Democratic Union 1991
Branko Kostić Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro 1991 1992
Dobrica Ćosić Independent 1992
Suharto  Indonesia Partai Golongan Karya 1992 1995
Ernesto Samper  Colombia Colombian Liberal Party 1995 1998
Andrés Pastrana Arango Colombian Conservative Party 1998
Nelson Mandela  South Africa African National Congress 1998 1999
Thabo Mbeki 1999 2003
Mahathir Mohamad  Malaysia United Malays National Organisation 2003
Abdullah Ahmad Badawi 2003 2006
Fidel Castro  Cuba Communist Party of Cuba 2006 2008
Raúl Castro 2008 2009
Hosni Mubarak  Egypt National Democratic Party 2009 2011
Mohamed Hussein Tantawi Independent 2011 2012
Mohamed Morsi Freedom and Justice Party 2012
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad  Iran Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran 2012 2013
Hassan Rouhani Combatant Clergy Association 2013 2016
Nicolás Maduro  Venezuela United Socialist Party of Venezuela 2016 2019
Ilham Aliyev  Azerbaijan New Azerbaijan Party 2019 (2022)


Full Members

NAM Members
Member states of the Non-Aligned Movement (2018). Light blue states have observer status.
  1.  Afghanistan
  2.  Algeria
  3.  Angola
  4.  Antigua and Barbuda
  5.  Azerbaijan
  6.  Bahamas
  7.  Bahrain
  8.  Bangladesh
  9.  Barbados
  10.  Belarus
  11.  Belize
  12.  Benin
  13.  Bhutan
  14.  Bolivia
  15.  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  16.  Botswana
  17.  Brunei Darussalam
  18.  Burkina Faso
  19.  Burundi
  20.  Cape Verde
  21.  Cambodia
  22.  Cameroon
  23.  Central African Republic
  24.  Chad
  25.  Chile
  26.  Colombia
  27.  Comoros
  28.  Congo
  29.  Cuba
  30.  Costa Rica
  31.  Democratic Republic of the Congo
  32.  Djibouti
  33.  Dominica
  34.  Dominican Republic
  35.  Ecuador
  36.  Egypt
  37.  Equatorial Guinea
  38.  Eritrea
  39.  Eswatini
  40.  Ethiopia
  41.  Fiji
  42.  Gabon
  43.  Gambia
  44.  Ghana
  45.  Grenada
  46.  Guatemala
  47.  Guinea
  48.  Guinea-Bissau
  49.  Guyana
  50.  Haiti
  51.  Honduras
  52.  India
  53.  Indonesia
  54.  Iran
  55.  Iraq
  56.  Ivory Coast
  57.  Jamaica
  58.  Jordan
  59.  Kenya
  60.  Kuwait
  61.  Laos
  62.  Lebanon
  63.  Lesotho
  64.  Liberia
  65.  Libya
  66.  Madagascar
  67.  Malawi
  68.  Malaysia
  69.  Maldives
  70.  Mali
  71.  Mauritania
  72.  Mauritius
  73.  Mongolia
  74.  Morocco
  75.  Mozambique
  76.  Myanmar
  77.  Namibia
  78.  Nepal
  79.  Nicaragua
  80.  Niger
  81.  Nigeria
  82.  North Korea
  83.  Oman
  84.  Pakistan
  85.  Palestine
  86.  Panama
  87.  Papua New Guinea
  88.  Paraguay
  89.  Peru
  90.  Philippines
  91.  Qatar
  92.  Rwanda
  93.  Saint Kitts and Nevis
  94.  Saint Lucia
  95.  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  96.  São Tomé and Príncipe
  97.  Saudi Arabia
  98.  Senegal
  99.  Seychelles
  100.  Sierra Leone
  101.  Singapore
  102.  Somalia
  103.  South Africa
  104.  South Sudan
  105.  Sri Lanka
  106.  Sudan
  107.  Suriname
  108.  Syria
  109.  Tanzania
  110.  Thailand
  111.  Timor-Leste
  112.  Togo
  113.  Trinidad and Tobago
  114.  Tunisia
  115.  Turkmenistan
  116.  Uganda
  117.  United Arab Emirates
  118.  Uzbekistan
  119.  Vanuatu
  120.  Venezuela
  121.  Vietnam
  122.  Yemen
  123.  Zambia
  124.  Zimbabwe

Former members

  1.  Cyprus Cyprus is a founding member of NAM and on 2004 Cyprus ceased their membership along with Malta until they became a member of the European Union.
  2.  Malta Malta officially joined the Non Aligned Movement in 1974 and on 2004 Malta ceased their membership along with Cyprus until they became a member of the European Union.
  3.  Poland Poland officially joined the Non Aligned Movement in 1989 and on 2004 Poland ceased their membership along with Cyprus and Malta until they became a member of the European Union.
  4.  Yugoslavia Yugoslavia is a founding member of NAM. The Yugoslavian capital, Belgrade, is the birthplace of NAM. Yugoslavia hosted NAM's summits from 1961 to 1964 and 1989 to 1992. They withdrew from the Non Aligned Movement in 1992 along with their dissolution. Bosnia and Herzegovina is the only part of the Former Yugoslavia that currently joined the Non Aligned Movement.
  5.  Ukraine (Dropped Observer Status)


The following countries and organizations have observer status:

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