Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia facts for kids
|Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia|
|Socijalistička Federativna Republika Jugoslavija
Социјалистичка Федеративна Република Југославија
Bratstvo i jedinstvo
"Brotherhood and Unity"
Slovene, and Macedonian
|•||1945 - 1953 (first)||Ivan Ribar|
|•||1953 - 1980||Josip Broz Tito|
|•||1991 - 1992 (last)||Stjepan Mesić|
|•||1945 - 1953 (first)||Josip Broz Tito|
|•||1989 - 1991 (last)||Ante Marković|
|Historical era||Cold War|
|•||Proclamation||November 29, 1945|
|•||UN membership||24 October 1945|
|•||Constitutional reform||21 February 1974|
|•||Secessions||25 June 1991 - 27 April 1992 1992|
|•||July 1989||255,804 km2 (98,766 sq mi)|
|•||July 1989 est.||23,724,919|
|Density||93/km2 (240/sq mi)|
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was the Yugoslav state that existed from the second half of World War II (1945) until it was formally dissolved in 1992 (de facto dissolved in 1991 with no leaders representing it) amid the Yugoslav wars. It was a socialist state and a federation made up of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia. In 1992, the two remaining states still committed to a union, Serbia and Montenegro, formed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which had not been recognized as the successor of the SFRY by international leaders.
A provisional parliament met in August 1945, comprising delegates from all parts of the country plus 68 representatives of prewar political parties and 13 independents. Elections for a bicameral parliament, which was to comprise a federal council and a council of nationalities and was to have the powers of a constituent assembly, were held on 11 November 1945: no political opposition to the People's Front was allowed. This situation caused the three royalist representatives, Grol-Subasic-Juraj Sutej, to secede from the provisional government indeed voting was on a single list of People's Front candidates with provision for opposition votes to be cast in separate voting boxes but this procedure made electors identifiable by OZNA agents. A powerful election campaign was mounted to ensure a large majority for Josip Broz Tito's People's Front, the general organization behind which the communist party operated.
The modern countries whose territory formerly made up Yugoslavia are still today sometimes called the "former Yugoslavia". These countries are:
- Slovenia (since 1991)
- Croatia (since 1991)
- Macedonia (since 1991)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina (since 1992)
- Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) (1992 to 2006)
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Marshal Josip Broz Tito led Yugoslavia from 1944 to 1980
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.