Slovenia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Republic of Slovenia

Republika Slovenija
Coat of arms
Anthem: Zdravljica 
Location of  Slovenia  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location of  Slovenia  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

and largest city
Official languages Slovenea
Ethnic groups
  • 83.1% Slovenes
  • 2.0% Serbs
  • 1.8% Croats
  • 1.1% Bosniaks
  • 12.0% others / unspecified
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
Borut Pahor
• Prime Minister
Miro Cerar
Legislature Parliament
National Council
National Assembly
• State of Slovenes,
Croats and Serbs
becomes independent

29 October 1918
• Kingdom of Serbs,
Croats and Slovenes
(Kingdom of Yugoslavia)

4 December 1918
• Yugoslavia becomes a republic
29 November 1943
• Independence from Yugoslavia
25 June 1991
• Total
20,273 km2 (7,827 sq mi) (153rd)
• Water (%)
• 2012 estimate
2,055,496 (144th)
• 2002 census
• Density
101/km2 (261.6/sq mi) (106th)
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
• Total
$62.515 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
• Total
$45.617 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2007) 28.4
HDI (2013) Increase 0.892
very high · 21st
Currency Euro ()b (EUR)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving side right
Calling code +386
ISO 3166 code SI
Internet TLD .sic
  1. Italian and Hungarian are recognised as official languages in the residential areas of the Italian or Hungarian ethnic minority.
  2. Slovenian tolar prior to 2007.
  3. Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.

Slovenia is a country in Southern Europe. The capital and largest city of Slovenia is Ljubljana. Its major language is Slovenian. Their population is right now about 2.0 million. Slovenia's leading exports are manufactured goods and aluminium. It is a parliamentary republic It is a member of the European Union and NATO.. The economy of Slovenia is small, open, and export-oriented.


A very long time ago, Illyrian and Celtics tribes lived in Slovenia. In the 1st century BC, Slovenia was ruled by the Romans. In the sixth century AD, Slavs lived there. Slovenia was ruled by Austria from 1335 until 1918. In 1918 it became a part of Yugoslavia. During World War II, Italy, Hungary and Germany took parts of the country but in 1945 it became part of Yugoslavia again.

In June 1991, following a 10-day war, Slovenia became an independent country.

Currently it is considered the most advanced country from what is called "Ex-Yugoslavia."

Notable people

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Slovenia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.