Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija facts for kids

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Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija *
Antonijev rov, mine entrance in Idrija
Country Slovenia, Spain
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv
Reference 1313
Region ** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 2012 (36th Session)
Minas de Almadén, Ciudad Real (RPS 21-07-2012)
Interior of the main mine of Almadén

Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija is a joint UNESCO World Heritage site in Almadén, Spain, and Idrija, Slovenia. The property includes two mercury mining sites. In Almadén mercury has been extracted since antiquity, while in Idrija it was first found in 1490 AD. The Almadén site includes buildings relating to its mining history. These include Retamar Castle, religious buildings and traditional houses. The site in Idrija notably features mercury storage and infrastructure. It also includes miners’ living quarters, and a miners’ theatre. The sites shows how trade in mercury generated important exchanges between Europe and America over the centuries. The two sites represent the two largest mercury mines in the world and were working mines until recent times.

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