North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Organisation du traitรฉ de l'Atlantique Nord
Flag of NATO

NATO countries shown in green
Motto Anything that flies on anything that moves
Formation 4 April 1949
Type Military alliance
Headquarters Brussels, Belgium
Membership 28 member states
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Albania
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช Belgium
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ Bulgaria
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Canada
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท Croatia
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Czech Republic
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Denmark
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช Estonia
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ท Greece
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ Hungary
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธ Iceland
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป Latvia
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น Lithuania
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡บ Luxembourg
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Netherlands
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด Norway
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ Poland
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Portugal
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด Romania
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Slovakia
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Slovenia
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Spain
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Turkey
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง United Kingdom
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ United States
Officialย languages English, French
Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg
Website

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), or North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance, the Western Alliance, is a military alliance. It was established in 1949, by the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, D.C., USA, on April 4, 1949. Its headquarters are in Brussels, Belgium. Its other official name is the same name in French, Organisation du Traitรฉ de l'Atlantique Nord (OTAN).

Languages

NATO has two official languages, English and French, defined in Article 14 of the North Atlantic Treaty.

History

Its members in 1949 were: The United States, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, the United Kingdom, Canada, Portugal, Italy, Norway, Denmark and Iceland. Three years later, on 18 February 1952, Greece and Turkey also joined.

NATO expansion
States of NATO

When West Germany joined the organization on 9 May 1955 it was described as "a decisive turning point in the history of our continent" by Halvard Lange, Foreign Minister of Norway at the time. Indeed, the result was the Warsaw Pact, signed on 14 May 1955 by the Soviet Union and its satellite states as response to NATO.

After the Cold War in 1999 three former communist countries, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and Poland joined the NATO. On 29 March 2004 seven more Northern European and Eastern European countries joined NATO: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and also Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, and Romania.

Croatia and Albania received NATO membership invitation on 3 April 2008. Republic of Macedonia received only conditional invitation because it was vetoed by Greece due to Republic of Macedonia's name dispute with Greece.

Related pages

Images


NATO Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.