Kosovo facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Kosovo physical map
Location of Kosovo within southeastern Europe
Location of Kosovo within southeastern Europe
and largest city
Pristina (Prishtina or Priština)
Official languages Albanian
Ethnic groups
92% Albanians
  8% Serbs,a Bosniaks, Gorani, Roma, Turks, Ashkali and Balkan Egyptians
Demonym(s) Kosovar
• Total
10,908 km2 (4,212 sq mi)
• Water (%)
• 2011 census
• Density
159/km2 (411.8/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
• Total
$12.777 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
• Total
$5.601 billion
• Per capita
Currency Euro (); Serbian dinar (EUR; RSD)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving side right
Calling code +381 (Serbia) for fixed lines; mobile phone providers in Kosovo use +377 (Monaco) or +386 (Slovenia)
  1. Most Kosovo Serbs boycotted the 2011 Census; estimates vary between 6-8 % of overall population within Kosovo, and additional 200-300.000 abroad

Kosovo (Albanian: Kosovë or Kosova; Serbian: Косово, Kosovo) is a territory in the Balkans. Whether it should be considered a country is disputed mainly between the Kosovan authorities which supported independence and the Serbian authorities which opposed Kosovo breaking away from them.

It has been part of the lands of Dardani in the years BC, Roman, Byzantine, Bulgarian, Serbian and Ottoman Empires, then the Kingdom of Serbia, Italian Empire and Yugoslavia in the 20th century. After NATO bombed Yugoslavia in 1999, the territory came under the administration of the United Nations (UNMIK).

The Assembly of Kosovo declared indepedence in February 2008. This is disputed by Serbia and some other states. Serbia still sees the territory as Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija (Serbian: Аутономна Покрајина Косово и Метохија / Autonomna Pokrajina Kosovo i Metohija).

To the north and east of Kosovo is the rest of Serbia. To the south of Kosovo is the Republic of Macedonia. To the west of Kosovo are the Albania and Montenegro. The capital is Prishtina. Prishtina is also Kosovo's largest city. About two million people live in Kosovo. A majority of them are of Albanian origin, but there are also Serbs living in the most northern part of Kosovo.

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