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United States Marine Corps facts for kids

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United States Marine Corps
Emblem of the United States Marine Corps.svg
Emblem of the United States Marine Corps
Founded 10 November 1775 (1775-11-10)
(247 years, 2 months)
Country  United States
  • 180,958 active personnel (as of 2020)
  • 38,500 reserve personnel (as of 2017)
  • 1,304 manned aircraft (total includes 11 VH-3D and 8 VH-60N of HMX-1 not listed by WAF 2018)
Part of Seal of the United States Department of the Navy.svg Department of the Navy
Headquarters The Pentagon
Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
Nickname(s) "Jarheads", "Devil Dogs", "Teufel Hunden", "Leathernecks"
Motto(s) Semper fidelis
Colors  Scarlet  and  Gold 
March "Semper Fidelis"
Mascot(s) English bulldog
Anniversaries 10 November
Commander-in-Chief Flag of the President of the United States of America.svg President Donald J. Trump
Secretary of Defense USSecDefflag.svg Christopher C. Miller (acting)
Secretary of the Navy Flag of the United States Secretary of the Navy.svg Kenneth Braithwaite
Commandant Flag of the Commandant of the United States Marine Corps.svg Gen David H. Berger
Assistant Commandant Flag of a United States Marine Corps general.svg Gen Gary L. Thomas
Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps SMMC Troy E. Black
Flag Flag of the United States Marine Corps.svg
Seal USMC logo.svg
Emblem ("Eagle, Globe, and Anchor" or "EGA") Eagle, Globe, and Anchor.svg
Song "The Marine's Hymn"

The United States Marine Corps (also known as USMC) is one of the six branches of the military of the United States in the United States Department of Defense. It was created in 1775 as a special maritime service. Samuel Nicholas founded it. He was the first commissioned officer in the Corps. The birthplace of the Marines is in Philadelphia at the Tun Taven.

Although it is part of the U.S. Naval Service, it is a separate military branch with its own special ranking structure. It also has its own Naval Aviation.

The Marines have been involved in many conflicts, and had important roles in key battles such as Tripoli, Iwo Jima, Guadalcanal, and Inchon Bay. Every Marine receives infantry training to be ready for battle at all times. Marine Corps training is also known for being especially challenging; at 13 weeks long, Marine Recruit Training is the longest basic training of the six military branches. United States Marines place a large emphasis on morale. This is reflected in their motto, semper fidelis (meaning "always faithful"), often shortened to semper fi.

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