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Battle of Chosin Reservoir
Part of the Korean War
Men advancing through the snow with a Tank
A column of the US 1st Marine Division moves through Chinese lines during its breakout from the Chosin Reservoir
Date 27 November – 13 December 1950
Location
Chosin Reservoir, in present day Changjin County, South Hamgyong Province, North Korea
Result See Aftermath section
Territorial
changes
Chinese forces recover northeastern North Korea; UN forces withdraw.
Belligerents

 United Nations (UNC)

 China
 North Korea
Commanders and leaders
United Nations Douglas MacArthur
United States Edward Almond
United States Oliver P. Smith
People's Republic of China Peng Dehuai
People's Republic of China Song Shilun
Units involved
see Battle of Chosin Reservoir order of battle See Battle of Chosin Reservoir order of battle
Strength
Nominal: 103,520
Committed: ~30,000
Nominal: 150,000
Committed: ~120,000
Casualties and losses
US sources:
1,029 killed
4,894 missing
4,582 wounded
7,338 non-battle casualties
15 tank losses
17,843 total
Chinese estimation:
13,900
Chinese sources:
19,202 battle casualties
28,954 non-battle casualties
48,156 total
Unofficial estimations: ~60,000
UN estimation:
29,800 battle casualties
20,000+ non-battle casualties

The Battle of Chosin Reservoir (17 November – 13 December 1950) was an important battle in the Korean War.

United Nations Command, led by the United States, occupied North Korea, after their attack on South Korea. China entered the war after issuing several warnings to the United Nations. China attacked United Nations Command, forcing their retreat. The result was a stalemate, with an Armistice, dividing Korea at the 38th parallel.

Background

North Korea invaded South Korea across the 38th parallel and occupied most of South Korea. The South Korean Army retreated to Busan. The United Nations army intervened and landed at Incheon, capturing Seoul, The United Nations occupy North Korea, approaching the border with China, the Yalu river.

Chinese forces infiltrated into North Korea, hiding. Mao Zedong decided to attack United Nations forces in the Second Phase Offensive.

Terrain

The Korean peninsula has a mountain range, the Taebaek Mountains, in the middle dividing the east from the west. The Chosin reservoir, was a man-made lake, in hilly terrain, in the north-east. A road connects the reservoir to the south-east to the port city of Hungnam.

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