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Battle of Chosin Reservoir facts for kids

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Battle of Chosin Reservoir
Part of Korean War
Date 17 November – 13 December 1950
Location North Korea
Result Chinese victory
Participants
 United Nations
 United States
 South Korea
 China

The Battle of Chosin Reservoir (17 November – 13 December 1950) was an important battle in the Korean War.

United Nations Command, led by the United States, occupied North Korea, after their attack on South Korea. China entered the war after issuing several warnings to the United Nations. China attacked United Nations Command, forcing their retreat. The result was a stalemate, with an Armistice, dividing Korea at the 38th parallel.

Background

North Korea invaded South Korea across the 38th parallel and occupied most of South Korea. The South Korean Army retreated to Busan. The United Nations army intervened and landed at Incheon, capturing Seoul, The United Nations occupy North Korea, approaching the border with China, the Yalu river.

Chinese forces infiltrated into North Korea, hiding. Mao Zedong decided to attack United Nations forces in the Second Phase Offensive.

Terrain

The Korean peninsula has a mountain range, the Taebaek Mountains, in the middle dividing the east from the west. The Chosin reservoir, was a man-made lake, in hilly terrain, in the north-east. A road connects the reservoir to the south-east to the port city of Hungnam.

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