Battle of Chosin Reservoir facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsBattle of Chosin Reservoir
|Part of the Korean War|
A column of the US 1st Marine Division moves through Chinese lines during its breakout from the Chosin Reservoir
United Nations (UNC)
|Commanders and leaders|
| Douglas MacArthur
Oliver P. Smith
| Peng Dehuai
|see Battle of Chosin Reservoir order of battle||See Battle of Chosin Reservoir order of battle|
|Casualties and losses|
7,338 non-battle casualties
15 tank losses
19,202 battle casualties
28,954 non-battle casualties
Unofficial estimations: ~60,000
29,800 battle casualties
20,000+ non-battle casualties
The Battle of Chosin Reservoir (17 November – 13 December 1950) was an important battle in the Korean War.
United Nations Command, led by the United States, occupied North Korea, after their attack on South Korea. China entered the war after issuing several warnings to the United Nations. China attacked United Nations Command, forcing their retreat. The result was a stalemate, with an Armistice, dividing Korea at the 38th parallel.
North Korea invaded South Korea across the 38th parallel and occupied most of South Korea. The South Korean Army retreated to Busan. The United Nations army intervened and landed at Incheon, capturing Seoul, The United Nations occupy North Korea, approaching the border with China, the Yalu river.
Chinese forces infiltrated into North Korea, hiding. Mao Zedong decided to attack United Nations forces in the Second Phase Offensive.
The Korean peninsula has a mountain range, the Taebaek Mountains, in the middle dividing the east from the west. The Chosin reservoir, was a man-made lake, in hilly terrain, in the north-east. A road connects the reservoir to the south-east to the port city of Hungnam.
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Battle of Chosin Reservoir Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.