Czech Republic facts

Czech Republic
Česká republika
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Pravda vítězí" (Czech)
"Truth prevails"
Anthem: Kde domov můj? (Czech)
"Where is my home?"

Location of  Czech Republic  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Czech Republic  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Prague (Praha)
Official languages Czech
Officially recognized
minority languages
Slovak, Bulgarian, Croatian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Polish, Romani, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian and Ukrainian
Ethnic groups (2011) 63.7% Czechs,
4.9% Moravians,
1.4% Slovaks,
29.9% others and unspecified
Religion non-declared and non-religious (80%), Catholic (10,3%)
Demonym Czech
Government Parliamentary republic
 -  President Miloš Zeman
 -  Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka
Formation
 -  Principality of Bohemia c. 870 
 -  Kingdom of Bohemia 1198 
 -  Czechoslovakia 28 October 1918 
 -  Czech Republic 1 January 1993 
Area
 -  Total 78,866 km2 (116th)
30,450 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 2
Population
 -  2011 census 10,562,214Increase
 -  Density 134/km2 (84th)
341/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $268.772 billion
 -  Per capita $25,525
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $218.363 billion
 -  Per capita $20,938 (38th)
Gini (2008) 26
low · 4th
HDI (2010) Increase 0.873
very high · 27th
Currency Czech koruna (CZK)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code +4204
Internet TLD .cz³
1. 30 June 2010 (See Population changes).
2. Rank based on 2009 IMF data.
3. Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.
4. Shared code 42 with Slovakia until 1997.
a. Rhetorical question meaning "Those places where my homeland lies".
Hradcany
Hradčany - Prague castle

Czech Republic (Czech: Česká republika) is a country in Central Europe, sometimes also known as Czechia (Czech: Česko). The capital and the biggest city is Prague. The currency is the Czech Crown (koruna česká - CZK). 1€ is about 27 CZK. The president of the Czech Republic is Miloš Zeman. The Czech Republic's population is about 10.5 million. The local language is Czech language. The Czech language is a Slavic language. It is related to languages like Slovak and Polish. In 1993 the Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced that the name Czechia be used for the country outside of formal official documents. This has not caught on in English usage.

Czech Republic has no sea; its neighbour countries are Germany, Austria, Slovakia, and Poland.

History

Its history dates from the 9th century AD, for a long time it was one of the most powerful countries in Central Europe. Later on it was the biggest, most populated and richest country of the First Reich, where many Emperors started their career. Under the conditions of the Treaty of Vienna 1515 parts of the Czech Republic, then in the Kingdoms of Bohemia and Hungary came under Habsburg rule after the death of Louis the Jagiellon in 1526. They stayed a part of the Habsburg dynasty rule until 1918.

The area of the today's Czech Republic was a part of Czechoslovakia (current area of Czech republic and Slovak republic) from 1918 to 1992. Czechoslovakia became independent in 1918 from Austro-Hungarian Empire. The first Czechoslovakian president was Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk. In 1968 invasion arrived by Warsaw pact and for the next 41 years Czechoslovakia was Communist state. In November 1989 Czechoslovakia returned to a liberal democracy through the peaceful "Velvet Revolution".  Czechoslovakia peacefully split into two countries (Czech Republic and Slovakia) in 1993. Czech Republic has been a member of the European Union since May 1, 2004 and a member of NATO since March 12, 1999.

Geography

The highest point in the country is Sněžka at 1,602 m (5,256 ft).

There are four national parks in the Czech Republic. The oldest is Krkonoše National Park. The others are Šumava National Park, Podyjí National Park, Bohemian Switzerland.

Regions

See also: List of cities in the Czech Republic

In 1949 communist government created 13 centralized regions instead of historical countries. In 1960 was regions recreated and there were only 8 regions. In 2000 was created 14 regions with their own regional self-government.

English name Czech name Administrative seat
Prague, the Capital City Hlavní město Praha Prague
Central Bohemian Region Středočeský kraj Prague
South Bohemian Region Jihočeský kraj České Budějovice
Plzeň Region Plzeňský kraj Plzeň
Karlovy Vary Region Karlovarský kraj Karlovy Vary
Ústí nad Labem Region Ústecký kraj Ústí nad Labem
Liberec Region Liberecký kraj Liberec
Hradec Králové Region Královehradecký kraj Hradec Králové
Pardubice Region Pardubický kraj Pardubice
Olomouc Region Olomoucký kraj Olomouc
Moravian-Silesian Region Moravskoslezský kraj Ostrava
South Moravian Region Jihomoravský kraj Brno
Zlín Region Zlínský kraj Zlín
Vysočina region Kraj Vysočina Jihlava

Religion

Religion in the Czech Republic (2011)
Undeclared
  
45.2%
Irreligion
  
34.2%
Roman Catholicism
  
10.3%
Other religions
  
9.4%
Protestantism
  
0.8%

The Czech Republic has one of the least religious populations in the world. According to the 2011 census, 34.2% of the population stated they had no religion, 10.3% was Roman Catholic, 0.8% was Protestant (0.5% Czech Brethren and 0.4% Hussite), and 9.4% followed other forms of religion both denominational or not (of which 863 people answered they are Pagan). 45.2% of the population did not answer the question about religion.

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Czech Republic Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.