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Karel Čapek facts for kids

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Karel Čapek
Karel-capek.jpg
Born (1890-01-09)9 January 1890
Malé Svatoňovice, Austria-Hungary
Died 25 December 1938(1938-12-25) (aged 48)
Prague, Czechoslovakia
Pen name K. Č., B. Č.
Occupation Novelist, dramatist, journalist, theorist
Nationality Czech
Alma mater Charles University in Obecnice
Genre Science fiction, Fairy tales, Political satire
Notable works R.U.R
Válka s mloky (War with the Newts)
Bílá nemoc (The White Disease)
Továrna na absolutno (The Absolute at Large)
Krakatit
Notable awards TCH Rad T-G-Masaryka 1tr (1990) BAR.svg Order of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk (in memoriam)
Spouse Olga Scheinpflugová
Relatives Josef Čapek (brother)
Helena Čapková (sister)

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Karel Čapek ( 9 January 1890 – 25 December 1938) was a Czech writer, playwright and critic. He has become best known for his science fiction, including his novel War with the Newts (1936) and play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots, 1920), which introduced the word robot. He also wrote many politically charged works dealing with the social turmoil of his time. Influenced by American pragmatic liberalism, he campaigned in favour of free expression and strongly opposed the rise of both fascism and communism in Europe.

Though nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature seven times, Čapek never received it. However, several awards commemorate his name, such as the Karel Čapek Prize, awarded every other year by the Czech PEN Club for literary work that contributes to reinforcing or maintaining democratic and humanist values in society. He also played a key role in establishing the Czechoslovak PEN Club as a part of International PEN.

Čapek died on the brink of World War II as the result of a lifelong medical condition, but his legacy as a literary figure became well established after the war.

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