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French Third Republic facts for kids

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French Republic

République française
1870–1940
Flag of French Third Republic
Flag
Coat of arms of French Third Republic
Coat of arms
Motto: Liberté, égalité, fraternité
("Liberty, equality, fraternity")
Anthem: La Marseillaise
("The Marseillaise")
Great Seal of France:
Obverse Reverse
The French Republic in 1914  *      France *      French protectorates
The French Republic in 1914
  •      France
  •      French protectorates
Territories and colonies of the French Republic at the end of 1939 Dark blue: Metropolitan territoryLight blue: Colonies, mandates, and protectorates
Territories and colonies of the French Republic at the end of 1939
Dark blue: Metropolitan territory
Light blue: Colonies, mandates, and protectorates
Capital Paris
Common languages French (official), several others
Religion
Roman Catholicism
Calvinism
Lutheranism
Judaism
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
President  
• 1871–1873 (first)
Adolphe Thiers
• 1932–1940 (last)
Albert Lebrun
President of the Council of Ministers  
• 1870–1871 (first)
Louis Jules Trochu
• 1940 (last)
Philippe Pétain
Legislature Parliament
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
History  
• Proclamation by Leon Gambetta
4 September 1870
• Vichy France established
10 July 1940
Population
• 1870
36,100,000
Currency French Franc
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Second French Empire
Vichy France
Free France
German military administration
Italian military administration
Today part of  France
 Algeria

The French Third Republic (French: La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government created in France from 1870, when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War, until 10 July 1940 after France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the creation of the Vichy government in France.

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