Czechoslovakia facts for kids

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Czechoslovakia

Československo
1918–1992
Flag of Czechoslovakia
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto: Czech: Pravda vítězí
("Truth prevails"; 1918-1989)
Latin: Veritas Vincit
("Truth prevails"; 1989-1992)
Anthem: Kde domov můj and Nad Tatrou sa blýska
Location of Czechoslovakia
Capital Prague
Common languages Czech, Slovak
Government Republic
President  
• 1918-1935
Tomáš Masaryk
• 1935-1938, 1945-1948
Eduard Beneš
• 1989-1992
Václav Havel
Prime Minister  
• 1918-1919
Karel Kramář
• 1992
Jan Stráský
History  
• Independence from Austria-Hungary
28 October 1918
• Dissolution of Czechoslovakia
31 December 1992
Area
1993 127,900 km2 (49,400 sq mi)
Population
• 1993
15600000
Currency Czechoslovak koruna
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Austria-Hungary
Czech Republic
Slovakia

Czechoslovakia (Czech: Československo, Slovak: Československo/after 1990 Česko-Slovensko) was a country in Europe that existed from 1918 until 1993.

In mid 1938 Nazi Germany took over Czechoslovakia and split off Slovakia. After World War II the USSR kept part of eastern Czechoslovakia so that they could have a border with Hungary. The USSR also kept parts of Poland and Romania. All four of these countries were in the USSR's sphere of influence. The USSR thought that this meant they could make sure the countries did what they wanted. In 1968 the USSR thought that the government of Alexander Dubcek was moving away from communism and leaving the Warsaw Pact, and invaded Czechoslovakia.

In 1989 Czechoslovakia peacefully removed the Communist dictatorship in the Velvet Revolution.

On 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Both countries separated in peace.

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