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Rusyn language facts for kids

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русиньский язык, русиньска бесїда rusyn’skyj jazyk, rusyn’ska besjida
Region Ukraine, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Czech Republic
Native speakers

Estimated: At least 600,000.
Census population: 70,374. These are numbers from national official bureaus for statistics:

  • Slovakia - 33,482
  • Serbia - 15,626
  • Ukraine - 6,725
  • Poland - 10,000
  • Croatia - 2,337
  • Hungary - 1,113
  • Czech Republic - 777  (date missing)
Language family
Official status
Official language in


Minority language:
Linguasphere 53-AAA-ec < 53-AAA-e
(varieties: 53-AAA-eca to 53-AAA-ecc)
Vojvodina rusyn croatian czech map
Official usage of Pannonian Rusyn language in Vojvodina, present-day Serbia

Rusyn (Rusyn: русиньска бесїда or русиньскый язык) is an East Slavic language. It is spoken by the Rusyns of Central Europe. In English, it is also called Ruthene or Ruthenian. Some linguists treat it as a distinct language. Some Ukrainian scholars think it is a dialect of Ukrainian.

Rusyn is spoken in the Transcarpathian Region of Ukraine, in northeastern Slovakia, in Vojvodina, in southeastern Poland, in Hungary and in northern Romania.

In Serbia, Rusyn is an official minority language. Since 1995, Rusyn has been an official minority language in Slovakia. In some Slovakian municipalities, it is an official language.

Rusyn is listed as a protected language by the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages in Slovakia, Serbia, Croatia and Romania.

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