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List of prime ministers of Czechoslovakia facts for kids

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Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia
Coat of arms of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic.svg
Coat of arms
Lubomír Štrougal - P1059081.jpg
Longest serving
Lubomír Štrougal

28 January 1970 – 12 October 1988
Appointer The President
Formation 14 November 1918
First holder Karel Kramář
Final holder Jan Stráský
Abolished 31 December 1992
Succession Czech Republic Václav Klaus
Slovakia Vladimír Mečiar

The Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia (Czech: Předseda vlády Československa, Slovak: Predseda vlády Česko-Slovenska) was the head of government of Czechoslovakia, from the creation of the First Czechoslovak Republic in 1918 until the dissolution of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic in 1992.

Prime Ministers of Czechoslovakia (1918–1992)

Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Ethnicity Term Political Party
Took office Left office Duration
(1918–1938)
1
Karel Kramář
Karel Kramář
(1860–1937)
Czech 14 November 1918 8 July 1919 236 days ČsND
2
Vlastimil Tusar
Vlastimil Tusar
(1880–1924)
Czech 8 July 1919 15 September 1920 1 year, 69 days ČSSD
3
Jan Černý
Jan Černý
(1874–1959)
Czech 15 September 1920 26 September 1921 1 year, 11 days Independent
4
Edvard Beneš
Edvard Beneš
(1884–1948)
Czech 26 September 1921 7 October 1922 1 year, 11 days Independent
5
Antonín Švehla
Antonín Švehla
(1873–1933)
Czech 7 October 1922 18 March 1926 3 years, 162 days RSZML
Pětka
(3)
Jan Černý
Jan Černý
(1874–1959)
Czech 18 March 1926 12 October 1926 208 days Independent
(5)
Antonín Švehla
Antonín Švehla
(1873–1933)
Czech 12 October 1926 1 February 1929 2 years, 112 days RSZML
Pětka
6
František Udržal
František Udržal
(1866–1938)
Czech 1 February 1929 24 October 1932 3 years, 266 days RSZML
7
Jan Malypetr
Jan Malypetr
(1873–1947)
Czech 24 October 1932 5 November 1935 3 years, 12 days RSZML
8
Milan Hodža
Milan Hodža
(1878–1944)
Slovak 5 November 1935 22 September 1938 2 years, 321 days RSZML
Second Czechoslovak Republic
(1938–1939)
9
Jan Syrový
Jan Syrový
(1888–1970)
Czech 22 September 1938 1 December 1938 70 days Independent
10
Rudolf Beran
Rudolf Beran
(1887–1954)
Czech 1 December 1938 15 March 1939 104 days SNJ
(1939–1945)
Greater arms of Bohemia and Moravia (1939-1945).svg Alois Eliáš became Prime Minister of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, a de iure autonomous region incorporated into Nazi Germany.
Lesser coat of arms of Czechoslovakia (1918-1938 and 1945-1961).svg Jan Šrámek became Prime Minister within the Czechoslovak government-in-exile, recognized as the only legitimate Czechoslovak Government during World War II.
Coat of Arms of the First Slovak Republic.svg Vojtech Tuka became Prime Minister of the quasi-independent, pro-Nazi and clero-fascist Slovak Republic.
Karptska Ukraina COA.svg Julian Révaý became Prime Minister of the Carpatho-Ukraine few days before occupation by the Kingdom of Hungary.
Third Czechoslovak Republic
(1945–1948)
11
Zdeněk Fierlinger
Zdeněk Fierlinger
(1891–1976)
Czech 5 April 1945 2 July 1946 1 year, 88 days ČSSD
12
Klement Gottwald
Klement Gottwald
(1896–1953)
Czech 2 July 1946 15 June 1948 1 year, 349 days KSČ
Communist Era
(1948–1989)
Official names: Czechoslovak Republic (1948–1960), Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1960–1989)
13
Antonín Zápotocký
Antonín Zápotocký
(1884–1957)
Czech 15 June 1948 14 March 1953 4 years, 272 days KSČ
14
Viliam Široký
Viliam Široký
(1902–1971)
Slovak 14 March 1953 20 September 1963 10 years, 190 days KSČ
15
Jozef Lenárt
Jozef Lenárt
(1923–2004)
Slovak 20 September 1963 8 April 1968 4 years, 201 days KSČ
16
Oldřich Černík
Oldřich Černík
(1921–1994)
Czech 8 April 1968 28 January 1970 1 year, 295 days KSČ
17
Lubomír Štrougal
Lubomír Štrougal
(born 1924)
Czech 28 January 1970 12 October 1988 18 years, 258 days KSČ
18
Ladislav Adamec
Ladislav Adamec
(1926–2007)
Czech 12 October 1988 7 December 1989 1 year, 56 days KSČ
Post–Communist Era
(1989–1992)
Official names: Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1989–1990), Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (1990–1992)
19
Marián Čalfa
Marián Čalfa
(born 1946)
Slovak 7 December 1989 2 July 1992 2 years, 208 days KSČ
VPN
ODÚ
20
Jan Stráský
Jan Stráský
(1940–2019)
Czech 2 July 1992 31 December 1992 182 days ODS
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