Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud, by Max Halberstadt, 1921
Born Sigismund Schlomo Freud
(1856-05-06)6 May 1856
Freiberg in Mähren, Moravia (now part of the Czech Republic), Austrian Empire
Died 23 September 1939(1939-09-23) (aged 83)
London, England, UK
Residence Austria
Nationality Austrian
Fields Neurology
Psychotherapy
Psychoanalysis
Institutions University of Vienna
Alma mater University of Vienna
Known for Psychoanalysis
Influences Aristotle, Brentano, Breuer, Charcot, Darwin, Dostoyevsky, Goethe, Haeckel, Hartmann, Jackson, Jacobsen, Kant, Mayer, Nietzsche, Plato, Schopenhauer, Shakespeare, Sophocles
Influenced Eugen Bleuler, John Bowlby, Viktor Frankl, Anna Freud, Erich Fromm, Otto Gross, Karen Horney, Arthur Janov, Ernest Jones, Carl Jung, Melanie Klein, Jacques Lacan, Fritz Perls, Otto Rank, Wilhelm Reich
Notable awards Goethe Prize
Foreign Member of the Royal Society (London)
Signature
Sigmund freud um 1905
Freud in 1905
Sigmund Freud Anciano
Freud, late 1930s
Hall Freud Jung in front of Clark 1909
1909 photo:Freud sitting left and Carl Jung sitting right

Sigmund Freud (Moravia, 6 May 1856 – London, 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist (a person who treats the nervous system). He invented the treatment of mental illness and neurosis by means of psychoanalysis.

Freud is important in psychology because he studied the unconscious mind. The unconscious part of the mind cannot be easily controlled or noticed by a person.

In 1860 his family moved with their little boy to Vienna. He did well in school and became a doctor. Freud married Martha Bernays in 1886. They had six children.

Freud lived in Austria in the 1930s. After the Anschluss, Germany and Austria were combined. Because he was Jewish, he received a visit from the Gestapo. Freud and his family did not feel safe anymore. Freud left Vienna and went to England in June 1938.

Images


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