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Ludwig Feuerbach
Full name Ludwig Feuerbach
Born (1804-07-28)28 July 1804
Landshut, Bavaria
Died 13 September 1872(1872-09-13) (aged 68)
Rechenberg near Nuremberg, German Empire
Era 19th-century philosophy
Region Western philosophy
School Dialectical materialism
Secular humanism
Young Hegelians (early)
Main interests Philosophy of religion
Notable ideas Religion as the outward projection of human inner nature
Signature

Ludwig Andreas von Feuerbach; 28 July 1804 – 13 September 1872) was a German philosopher and anthropologist best known for his book The Essence of Christianity, which provided a critique of Christianity which strongly influenced generations of later thinkers, including Karl Marx, Sigmund Freud, Friedrich Engels, Richard Wagner, and Friedrich Nietzsche.

An associate of Left Hegelian circles, Feuerbach advocated liberalism, atheism, and materialism. Many of his philosophical writings offered a critical analysis of religion. His thought was influential in the development of historical materialism, where he is often recognized as a bridge between Hegel and Marx.

Life and career

Feuerbach was the third son of the eminent jurist Paul Johann Anselm Ritter von Feuerbach, brother of mathematician Karl Wilhelm Feuerbach and uncle of painter Anselm Feuerbach. Feuerbach's other brothers were almost all distinguished in scholarship or science:

  • Joseph Anselm Feuerbach (1798–1851), archaeology and philology; his son was the painter Anselm Feuerbach (1829–1880)
  • Eduard August Feuerbach (1803–1843), jurisprudence
  • Friedrich Heinrich Feuerbach (1806–1880), philology and philosophy

He also had three sisters:

  • Rebekka Magdalena "Helene" Feuerbach von Dobeneck (1808–1891)
  • Leonore Feuerbach (1809–1885)
  • Elise Feuerbach (1813–1883)

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