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Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor facts for kids

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Rudolf II
AACHEN, Hans von - Portrait of Emperor Rudolf II - WGA.jpg
Portrait by Hans von Aachen
Reign 12 October 1576 –
20 January 1612
Predecessor Maximilian II
Successor Matthias
Born 18 July 1552
Vienna, Austria
Died 20 January 1612(1612-01-20) (aged 59)
Prague, Bohemia
Burial St. Vitus Cathedral, Prague
Issue (illeg.) Don Julius Caesar d'Austria
House Habsburg
Father Maximilian II
Mother Maria of Spain
Religion Roman Catholicism

Rudolf II (18 July 1552 – 20 January 1612) was Holy Roman Emperor (1576–1612), King of Hungary and Croatia (as Rudolf I, 1572–1608), King of Bohemia (1575–1608/1611) and Archduke of Austria (1576–1608). He was a member of the House of Habsburg.

Rudolf's legacy has traditionally been viewed in three ways: an ineffectual ruler whose mistakes led directly to the Thirty Years' War; a great and influential patron of Northern Mannerist art; and an intellectual devotee of occult arts and learning which helped seed what would be called the scientific revolution.

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