Luxembourg facts

Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Mir wëlle bleiwe wat mir sinn"  (Luxembourgish)
"We want to remain what we are"
Anthem: Ons Heemecht
"Our Homeland"

Royal anthemDe Wilhelmus 1
Location of  Luxembourg  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Luxembourg  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

and largest city
Official languages Luxembourgish
Demonym Luxembourgers
Government Unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
 -  Grand Duke Henri (List)
 -  Prime Minister Xavier Bettel (List)
Legislature Chamber of Deputies
 -  From French empire (Treaty of Paris) 9 June 1815 
 -  1st Treaty of London 19 April 1839 
 -  2nd Treaty of London 11 May 1867 
 -  End of personal union 23 November 1890 
 -  Total 2,586.4 km2 (175th)
998.6 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 0.60%
 -  2011 estimate 511,840 (170th)
 -  2001 census 439,539
 -  Density 194.1/km2 (67th)
501.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $41.221 billion (94th)
 -  Per capita $80,119 (2nd)
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $58.412 billion (69th)
 -  Per capita $113,533 (1st)
HDI (2011) Increase 0.867
very high · 25th
Currency Euro ()2 (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code 352
Internet TLD .lu3
1. Not the same as the Het Wilhelmus of the Netherlands.
2. Before 1999: Luxembourgish franc.
3. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

Luxembourg is a country in Western Europe; its official name is the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg, French: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, German: Großherzogtum Luxemburg). It is a small country. It was one of the first countries in the European Union. It is also a member of the Benelux. The countries next to Luxembourg are Belgium, Germany, and France. Its population is 442,972. Which is big for its country's size.


  • 963 - Luxembourg was founded. Sigefroid, Count of Ardennes, came to own the ruins of an old Roman fort called "Castellum Lucilinburhuc" ("Little Castle") from the monks of the Abbey of St. Maximin in Trier.
  • 1354 - The emperor Charles IV made Luxembourg a duchy.
  • 1437 - There were no people in the ruling family alive. The castle was given to the Habsburgs.
  • 1443 - Luxembourg was captured by Philip of Burgundy.
  • 1482 - Mary of Burgundy died. Luxembourg was ruled by the Habsburgs again.
  • 1795 - After the French revolution Luxembourg was taken over by France. It became a département of France.
  • 1815 - Luxembourg became a grand duchy. It was ruled by the king of the Netherlands.
  • 1815-1866 - Luxembourg became a member of the German Confederation.
  • 1890 - After the death of William III, Luxembourg passed to the House of Nassau-Weilburg.
  • 1914-1918 - Luxembourg was conquered by Germany during World War I.
  • 1940 - The Germans returned during World War II, and in 1942 Luxembourg became part of the Third Reich.
  • 1944 - Luxembourg became independent in September because the United States Army arrived.
  • 1945 - Luxembourg joined the United Nations
  • 1957 - Luxembourg became one of the first six members of the European Economic Community. That is now called the European Union.


Luxembourg is a parliamentary democracy lead by a constitutional monarch. Under the constitution of 1868, executive power is in the hands of the Governor and the cabinet, which consists of several other ministers.

Districts, cantons, and communes

Luxembourg is divided into 3 districts, which are further divided into 12 cantons and then 116 communes. Twelve of the communes have city status, of which the city of Luxembourg is the largest.


The districts are

  1. Diekirch
  2. Grevenmacher
  3. Luxembourg

Related pages


Luxembourg Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.