Esch-sur-Alzette facts for kids

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The town seen from the Gaalgebierg parc
The town seen from the Gaalgebierg parc
Coat of arms of Esch-sur-Alzette
Coat of arms
Map showing, in orange, the  Esch-sur-Alzette commune
Map showing, in orange, the Esch-sur-Alzette commune
Country  Luxembourg
Canton Esch-sur-Alzette
Commune Esch-sur-Alzette
 • Total 14.4 km2 (5.6 sq mi)
Highest elevation 426 m (1,398 ft)
Lowest elevation 279 m (915 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total 33,939
 • Density 2,357/km2 (6,104/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
LAU2 LU00010004
Website Official website

Esch-sur-Alzette (Luxembourgish: Esch-Uelzecht, German: Esch-an-der-Alzette or Esch-an-der-Alzig, French: Esch-sur-Alzette) is a commune with city status in south-western Luxembourg, capital of the canton Esch-sur-Alzette.

The town is usually referred to just as Esch, but there is also a village and commune further north named Esch-sur-Sûre from which to distinguish it.


For a long time Esch-sur-Alzette was a small farming village in the valley of the Alzette river. This changed when important amounts of iron ore were found in the area in the 1850s. With the development of the mines and the steel industry the town's population multiplied tenfold in a couple of decades.

On 29 May 1906, Esch-sur-Alzette was promoted to city.


Esch-sur-Alzette lies in the south-west of the country, on the border with France. It is the capital of the Red Lands region.

The commune is in the valley of the Alzette river, a right tributary of the Sauer river and which flows through the town, and has an area of 14.4 km2 (5.6 sq mi). The altitude is 279–426 m (915–1,398 ft) high. At the city hall, the altitude is 287 m (942 ft) high.

Esch-sur-Alzette is surrounded by six communes of Luxembourg: Mondercange to the north, Schifflange to the northeast, Kayl to the east, Rumelange to the southeast and Sanem to the northwest. To the southwest, the commune borders the Audun-le-Tiche commune in the Moselle department of France; and to the west Russange also in the Moselle department.


As of 1 January  2016 (2016 -01-01), there are 33,939 persons living in the commune, the second largest city by population, for a population density of 2,356.9 inhabitants/km².

Twinned and partner towns

Esch-sur-Alzette is twinned withː


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