Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor facts for kids

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Sigismund
Pisanello 024b.jpg
Emperor Sigismund, aged approximately 65
(attributed to Pisanello)
Holy Roman Emperor
Reign 1433–1437
Coronation 31 May 1433 in Rome
Predecessor Charles IV
Successor Frederick III
King of Hungary and Croatia
Reign 1387–1437
Coronation 31 March 1387 in Székesfehérvár
Predecessor Mary
Successor Albert
King of Germany
Reign 1411–1437
Coronation 8 November 1414 in Aachen
Predecessor Rupert
Successor Albert II
King of Bohemia
Reign 1419–1437
Coronation 27 July 1420 in Prague
Predecessor Wenceslaus IV
Successor Albert
Born 15 February 1368
Nuremberg, Kingdom of Germany
Died 9 December 1437(1437-12-09) (aged 69)
Znojmo, Kingdom of Bohemia
Burial Nagyvárad (today Oradea)
Spouse
  • Mary of Hungary
  • Barbara of Celje
Issue Elizabeth of Luxembourg
House Luxembourg
Father Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Elizabeth of Pomerania
Religion Roman Catholicism

Sigismund of Luxembourg (15 February 1368 in Nuremberg – 9 December 1437 in Znaim, Moravia) was Prince-elector of Brandenburg from 1378 until 1388 and from 1411 until 1415, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1387, King of Germany from 1411, King of Bohemia from 1419, King of Italy from 1431, and Holy Roman Emperor from 1433 until 1437, and the last male member of the House of Luxembourg.

In 1396 he led the Crusade of Nicopolis, which attempted to liberate Bulgaria and save the Byzantine Empire and Constantinople from Ottoman rule. Afterwards, he founded the Order of the Dragon to fight the Turks.

He was regarded as highly educated, spoke several languages (among them French, German, Hungarian, Italian, and Latin) and was an outgoing person who also took pleasure in the tournament.

Sigismund was one of the driving forces behind the Council of Constance that ended the Papal Schism, but which also led to the Hussite Wars that dominated the later period of Sigismund's life.

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