Republic of Venice facts for kids

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Most Serene Republic of Venice

  • Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia  (Italian)
  • Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta  (language?)
697–1797
Flag of Venice
Banner of Saint Mark
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto: Pax tibi Marce, evangelista meus
"Peace be to you Mark, my evangelist"
Diachronic map of the Republic and the Venetian Empire.
Diachronic map of the Republic and the Venetian Empire.
Capital Eraclea
(697–742)
Malamocco
(742–810)
Venice
(810–1797)
Common languages
Government Parliamentary oligarchic merchant republic with elective monarchistic features
Doge  
• 697–717 (first)
Paolo Lucio Anafestoa
• 1789–1797 (last)
Ludovico Manin
Legislature Great Council
• Upper Chamber
Senate
• Lower Chamber
Council of Ten
Historical era Middle AgesEarly modern period
• Established1
697
• Golden Bull of Alexios I

1082
• Treaty of Venice
1177
• Sack of Constantinople
1204
• Battle of Motta
1412
• Battle of Lepanto
1571
• Treaty of Passarowitz
1718
• Treaty of Campo Formio
1797
Currency Venetian ducat
Venetian lira
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Byzantine Empire
Venetian Province
Cisalpine Republic
French departments of Greece
Today part of Italy
Slovenia
Croatia
Montenegro
Albania
Greece
Cyprus
Turkey
Ukraine
a. ^ Paolo Lucio Anafesto is traditionally the first Doge of Venice, but John Julius Norwich suggests that this may be a mistake for Paul, Exarch of Ravenna, and that the traditional second doge Marcello Tegalliano may have been the similarly named magister militum to Paul. Their existence as doges is uncorroborated by any source before the 11th century, but as Norwich suggests, is probably not entirely legendary. Traditionally, the establishment of the Republic is, thus, dated to 697 AD.

The Most Serene Republic of Venice (Italian: Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia, Venetian: Republica de Venesia), was an Italian state where current Venice is now. It existed for one thousand one hundred years, from the late 7th century until the late 18th century (1797, when it was conquered by Napoleon). It was an important economic and trading power which was ruled by a leader called a Doge.

Repubblica Venezia espansione in Terraferma
The Republic of Venice in the XVI century (in light blue)

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Republic of Venice Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.