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Luxembourg (Belgium) facts for kids

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Province of Belgium
Arlon E2aJPG.jpg
Arlon centre with bell tower of St. Martin's Church
Official flag of the Province of Luxembourg.svg
Coat of arms of the Province of Luxembourg.svg
Coat of arms
Country  Belgium
Region  Wallonia
Capital Arlon
 - coordinates 49°41′N 5°49′E / 49.683°N 5.817°E / 49.683; 5.817
Highest point Baraque de Fraiture
 - location Vielsalm, Bastogne, Luxembourg
 - elevation 652 m (2,139 ft)
 - coordinates 50°15′04″N 5°43′55″E / 50.25111°N 5.73194°E / 50.25111; 5.73194
Area 4,443 km² (1,715 sq mi)
Population 273,638 (1 January 2012)
Density 62 /km² (161 /sq mi)
Subdivisions 5 Arrondissements
44 Municipalities
Governor Olivier Schmitz
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal codes 6600–6999
ISO 3166-2 BE-WLX

Luxembourg (Dutch and German: Luxemburg, Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg, Walloon: Lussimbork) is the southernmost province of Belgium and Wallonia. With 4,443 km2 (1,715 sq mi), it is the largest province of Belgium.

The capital is Arlon, in the south-east of the province. It is called also as "Belgian Luxembourg" and should not be confused with the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.


It borders on (clockwise starting from the east) the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, France, and the Belgian provinces of Namur and Liège.

The total area of the province is 4,443 km2 (1,715 sq mi) but it has the smallest population (273,638) and density (61.6 inhabitants per km²) of all the Belgian provinces. It is also significantly larger and significantly less populous than the neighbouring Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.

The main natural regions in the province are the Belgian Lorraine in the south part, and the Ardennes in the centre and north part of the province.

With 652 m (2,139 ft), the Baraque de Fraiture in the municipality of Vielsalm is the highest point of the province.

The main rivers in the province of Luxembourg are:

  • Semois, a right tributary of the Meuse river and that flows from east to west in the south of the province;
  • Sauer (German, Luxembourgish) or Sûre (French), a left tributary of the Moselle river;
  • Lesse, another right tributary of the Meuse river;
  • Ourthe, another right tributary of the Meuse river.


The province was separated from the neighbouring Luxembourg by the Third Partition of Luxembourg in 1839, after the Belgian Revolution, and declared to remain a part of Belgium.

Most of the residents of Luxembourg speak French, but there is a small Luxembourgish-speaking minority, in Arelerland, near the border with the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.

Administrative division

The province of Luxembourg is divided into 5 arrondissements and a total of 44 municipalities.

Map of the municipalities of Namur
(names are in the following table)
Provincial palace in Arlon.
Torgny JPG03
Torgny: the southernmost town of Belgium.
Municipalities by arrondissements, with their numbers in the map
Arlon Bastogne Marche-en-Famenne
Arrondissement Arlon Belgium Map.png Arrondissement Bastogne Belgium Map.png Arrondissement Marche-en-Famenne Belgium Map.png
Neufchâteau Virton
Arrondissement Neufchâteau Belgium Map.png Arrondissement Virton Belgium Map.png

Population by arrondissement

Population on 1 January of each year.

Arrondissement 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Arlon 55,593 56,392 57,376 57,850 58,463 59,204
Bastogne 43,444 44,012 44,555 45,061 45,453 45,705
Marche-en-Famenne 53,123 53,593 54,003 54,214 54,797 55,228
Neufchâteau 58,151 58,726 59,385 59,861 60,368 60,791
Virton 50,867 51,361 51,631 52,037 52,271 52,710
Province of Luxembourg 261,178 264,084 266,950 269,023 271,352 273,638

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