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Macedonian language facts for kids

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Macedonian
Македонски јазик
Makedonski jazik
Pronunciation [maˈkɛdɔnski]
Native to Republic of North Macedonia, Greece, Australia, Serbia, Albania, Germany, France, Italy, United States, Canada Turkey
Region The Balkans
Native speakers 1.6 - 3 million  (date missing)
Language family
Indo-European
Writing system Cyrillic (Macedonian variant)
Official status
Official language in North Macedonia
recognised as minority language in parts of:
 Albania
Regulated by Macedonian Language Institute "Krste Misirkov" at the Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje
MapOfMacedonianSpeakers.png
Countries with significant Macedonian-speaking populations

Macedonian (македонски јазик, makedonski jazik) is a Slavic Indo-European language spoken mainly in North Macedonia. Macedonian is a part of the Balkan linguistic union, which also includes Greek, Bulgarian, Romanian, Albanian and Torlakian dialect of the Serbian language. Macedonian is very similar to Bulgarian and some linguists say it is a dialect of Bulgarian.

Phonology

Vowels of Macedonian
Front Central Back
Close и у
Mid е о
Open а

Consonantsof Macedonian

Bilabial Labio-
Dental
Dental Alveolar Post-
Alveolar
Palatal Velar
Nasal
Plosive
Affricate
Fricative
Approximant
Trill
Lateral

Alphabet

The Macedonian language uses a Cyrillic alphabet. The following table provides the upper and lower case forms of the Macedonian alphabet, along with the IPA value for each letter:

CyrillicIPA А а/a/ Б б/b/ В в/v/ Г г/ɡ/ Д д/d/ Ѓ ѓ

/ɟ/

Е е/ɛ/ Ж ж/ʒ/ З з/z/ Ѕ ѕ

/dz/

И и/i/
CyrillicIPA Ј ј/j/ К к/k/ Л л/l/ Љ љ/lj/ М м/m/ Н н/n/ Њ њ/ɲ/ О о/ɔ/ П п/p/ Р р/r/ С с/s/
CyrillicIPA Т т/t/ Ќ ќ

/c/

У у/u/ Ф ф/f/ Х х

/x/

Ц ц/ts/ Ч ч/tʃ/ Џ џ/dʒ/ Ш ш/ʃ/

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