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Macedonian language facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Македонски јазик
Makedonski jazik
Pronunciation [maˈkɛdɔnski]
Native to Republic of Macedonia, Greece, Australia, Serbia, Albania, Germany, France, Italy, United States, Canada Turkey
Region The Balkans
Native speakers 1.6 - 3 million  (date missing)
Language family
Writing system Cyrillic (Macedonian variant)
Official status
Official language in Flag of Macedonia.svg Republic of Macedonia
recognised as minority language in parts of:
Regulated by Macedonian Language Institute "Krste Misirkov" at the Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje
Countries with significant Macedonian-speaking populations

Macedonian (македонски јазик, makedonski jazik) is an Indo-European language spoken mainly in the Republic of Macedonia. Macedonian is a part of the Balkan linguistic union, which also includes Greek, Bulgarian, Romanian, Albanian and Torlakian dialect of the Serbian language. Macedonian is similar to those languages.


Vowels of Macedonian
Front Central Back
Close и /i/ у /u/
Mid е /ɛ/ о /ɔ/
Open а /a/
Consonants of Macedonian
Bilabial Labio-
Dental Alveolar Post-
Palatal Velar
Nasal m n ɲ
Plosive p b t d c ɟ k g
Affricate ts dz
Fricative f v s z ʃ ʒ x
Approximant j
Trill r
Lateral ɫ l


The Macedonian language uses a Cyrillic alphabet. The following table provides the upper and lower case forms of the Macedonian alphabet, along with the IPA value for each letter:

А а
Б б
В в
Г г
Д д
Ѓ ѓ
Е е
Ж ж
З з
Ѕ ѕ
И и
Ј ј
К к
Л л
Љ љ
М м
Н н
Њ њ
О о
П п
Р р
С с
Т т
Ќ ќ
У у
Ф ф
Х х
Ц ц
Ч ч
Џ џ
Ш ш

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