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Macedonian language facts for kids

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Македонски јазик
Makedonski jazik
Pronunciation [maˈkɛdɔnski]
Native to Republic of North Macedonia, Greece, Australia, Serbia, Albania, Germany, France, Italy, United States, Canada Turkey
Region The Balkans
Native speakers 1.6 - 3 million  (date missing)
Language family
Writing system Cyrillic (Macedonian variant)
Official status
Official language in North Macedonia
recognised as minority language in parts of:
Regulated by Macedonian Language Institute "Krste Misirkov" at the Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje
Countries with significant Macedonian-speaking populations

Macedonian (македонски јазик, makedonski jazik) is a Slavic Indo-European language spoken mainly in North Macedonia. Macedonian is a part of the Balkan linguistic union, which also includes Greek, Bulgarian, Romanian, Albanian and Torlakian dialect of the Serbian language. Macedonian is very similar to Bulgarian and some linguists say it is a dialect of Bulgarian.


Vowels of Macedonian
Front Central Back
Close и у
Mid е о
Open а

Consonantsof Macedonian

Bilabial Labio-
Dental Alveolar Post-
Palatal Velar


The Macedonian language uses a Cyrillic alphabet. The following table provides the upper and lower case forms of the Macedonian alphabet, along with the IPA value for each letter:

CyrillicIPA А а/a/ Б б/b/ В в/v/ Г г/ɡ/ Д д/d/ Ѓ ѓ


Е е/ɛ/ Ж ж/ʒ/ З з/z/ Ѕ ѕ


И и/i/
CyrillicIPA Ј ј/j/ К к/k/ Л л/l/ Љ љ/lj/ М м/m/ Н н/n/ Њ њ/ɲ/ О о/ɔ/ П п/p/ Р р/r/ С с/s/
CyrillicIPA Т т/t/ Ќ ќ


У у/u/ Ф ф/f/ Х х


Ц ц/ts/ Ч ч/tʃ/ Џ џ/dʒ/ Ш ш/ʃ/
  • Websters Online, Macedonian — English Dictionary
  • BBC Education, Languages: Macedonian, Makedonski
  • University of North Carolina, Reading and Pronouncing Macedonian: An Interactive Tutorial
  • Victor Friedman, A grammar of Macedonian
  • Mladen Srbinovski, Nature of Standard Macedonian language

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See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Idioma macedonio para niños

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Macedonian language Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.