Brunei facts for kids
|State of Brunei, the Abode of Peace
Negara Brunei Darussalam
نڬارا بروني دارالسلام
|Motto: "الدائمون المحسنون بالهدى" "Sentiasa membuat kebajikan dengan petunjuk Allah"
"Always in service with God's guidance" (translation)
|Anthem: Allah Peliharakan Sultan
God Bless the Sultan
Location of Brunei (red)
and largest city
|Bandar Seri Begawan
|Recognised regional languages|
|Official scripts||Malay alphabet,
|-||Crown Prince||Al-Muhtadee Billah|
|-||Prime Minister||Hassanal Bolkiah|
|-||Independence||1 January 1984|
|-||Total||5,765 km2 (172nd)
2,226 sq mi
|-||2011 estimate||401,890 (174th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
|-||Total||$21.237 billion (122nd)|
|-||Per capita||$49,719 (5th)|
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
|-||Total||$16.313 billion (166th)|
|-||Per capita||$38,192 (26th)|
|HDI (2011)|| 0.838
very high · 33rd
|Currency||Brunei dollar (BND)|
|Drives on the||left|
|a.||Malay is the official language as stated under the Constitution on Article 82: "Official language".|
|b.||Under the Constitution, English is mentioned for use for some particular purpose on Article 82: "Official language".|
|c.||Also 080 from East Malaysia.|
Brunei (officially called State of Brunei, Abode of Peace) is a country in Southeast Asia. It is north of Malaysia (Borneo). The country is rather landlocked by Malaysia. To the north is the South China Sea and the Philippines to the northeast. The capital of Brunei is Bandar Seri Begawan. The country has a small area and not many people live there. The leader of the country is the Sultan of Brunei. He is one of the richest people in the world, because he owns a lot of oil. The main religion in Brunei is Islam there are also many people who follow Buddhism or Animism. The native languages of Brunei is Malay and English as second language.
From the 14th to the 16th centuries Brunei Darussalam was the seat of a powerful sultanate extending over Sabah, Sarawak and the southern Philippines. Thus, the current Sultan represents one of the oldest continuously ruling dynasties in the world. By the 19th century, the Brunei Darussalam Empire had been whittled away by wars, piracy and the colonial expansion of European powers.
In 1847, the sultan ended a treaty with Great Britain and in 1888 Brunei Darussalam officially became a British protectorate. In 1906, the Residential System was established in Brunei Darussalam. A British Resident was nominated as a representative of the British government to advise the sultan in all matters except Malay customs, traditions and Islamic religion.
The 1959 Agreement established a written constitution which gave Brunei Darussalam internal self-government. In 1971, the agreement was amended and revised to assert full internal independence except defence and external affairs.
In 1967 His Highness Sultan Haji Sir Muda Omar Ali Saifuddien abdicated in favour of his son Pengiran Muda Mahkota Hassanal Bolkiah. On January 1, 1984 Brunei Darussalam resumed full independence and the Sultan took office as Prime Minister, Finance Minister and Home Affairs Minister, presiding over a cabinet of six. In October 1986, the cabinet was expanded to 11 members, with His Majesty relinquishing the portfolios of Finance and Home Affairs and taking over the Defence portfolio which his late father had held since 1984. In 1988 another reshuffle brought about the elevation of the deputy minister to a full minister and the creation of the Ministry of Industry and Primary Resources designed to boost the country's development.
In spite of the sizable non-Muslim population (about 1/3 of the population) and criticism by the international community, the Sultan still announced Brunei's adoption of Sharia law in 2013 to fully enforce on the Muslim majority and partially enforce on non-Muslims. Is is expected to take full effect in 2016 after 3 phases, and had begun partial enforcement in its first phase in 2014. It is the first country in East and Southeast Asia to practice Sharia law.
Officially, there are no places in Brunei that have "city" status. Some of the important places are:
- Bandar Seri Begawan (Pop. ~181,500, Bandar Seri Begawan Municipal Council)
- Kuala Belait (Pop. ~38,000, Bandar Seri Begawan Municipal Council)
- Seria (Pop. ~35,400, Kuala Belait/Seria Municipal Council)
- Jerudong (Pop. ~30,000, Kuala Belait/Seria Municipal Council)
- Tutong (Pop. ~27,500, Tutong Municipal Council)
- Bangar - administrative centre of the Temburong district
- Muara Town - has the only deep sea port of Brunei
Given that Brunei is an oil-rich country, Brunei gets most of its income from selling natural resources.
Brunei uses the Brunei Ringgit to trade. However, the Singapore dollar can be used here as both currencies are of the same value.
Images for kids
Hassanal Bolkiah, Sultan of Brunei.
Brunei's Foreign Minister Prince Mohamed Bolkiah meets with U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, September 2012
Brunei's embassy in Moscow, Russia.
BIMP-EAGA meeting in the office of Brunei Prime Minister on 25 April 2013. From left: Brunei Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Malaysian Representative and Filipino President Benigno Aquino III. Brunei is part of the BIMP-EAGA, a subregional economic co-operation initiative in Southeast Asia.
Royal Brunei Boeing 787 Dreamliner at London Heathrow Airport.
Brunei Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.