Nanjing facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Nánjīng Shì
南京市
S.P.-City
Location within China
Location within China
Location within China
Country People's Republic of China
County-level divisions 13
Township divisions 129
Settled 495 BC
Area(ranked 29th)
 • Total 6,596 km2 (2,547 sq mi)
Elevation 20 m (50 ft)
Population (2000)
 • Total 6,126,165
 • Density 928.8/km2 (2,406/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard Time (UTC+8)
Postal code 210000 - 211300
Area code(s) 25
License plate prefixes 苏A
GDP (2007) US$45.2 billion (1.00US$=7.25Renminbi¥,Nov, 2007)
 - per capita US$7,442
Website City of Nanjing
City trees
Deodar Cedar (Cedrus deodara)
City flowers
Méi (Prunus mume)

' (Chinese: 南京; Romanizations: Nánjīng (Pinyin), Nan-ching (Wade-Giles), Nanking') is the capital of China's Jiangsu Province, and a city with a prominent place in Chinese history and culture. Nanjing was the capital of China during several historical periods, including the former capital city of Republic of China, and is listed as one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China. Nanjing is also one of the fifteen sub-provincial cities in the People's Republic of China's administrative structure. It has autonomy for jurisdiction and economy only slightly less than that of a province.

It lies in the downstream Yangtze River drainage basin and Yangtze River Delta. With an urban population of over five million, it is also the second largest commercial center in the East China region, behind only Shanghai.

Nanjing Area - Lower Yangtse Valley & Eastern China Map
Nanjing Area - Lower Yangtze Valley and Eastern China

Political divisions

Nanjing Municipality is divided into 11 districts.

  • Xuanwu District
  • Qinhuai District
  • Yuhuatai District
  • Gulou District
  • Pukou District
  • Liuhe District
  • Qixia District
  • Jianye District
  • Jiangning District
  • Lishui District
  • Gaochun District

Sister cities

Nanjing currently has 18 sister cities (areas), namely:

Images for kids


Nanjing Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.