Yuan dynasty facts for kids

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Great Yuan

大元
Dai Ön Ulus
1271–1368
Capital Dadu (modern Beijing)
Common languages Mongolian
Chinese
Religion
Buddhism (Chinese & Tibetan), Taoism, Confucianism, Chinese folk religion
Government Monarchy
Emperor  
• 1260–1294
Kublai Khan
• 1333–1370 (Cont.)
Ukhaatu Khan
Chancellor  
Historical era Middle Ages
• Establishment
December 18 1271
• Conquest of southern Song
March 19, 1276
• Fall of Dadu
September 14 1368
Area
1310 est. 14,000,000 km2 (5,400,000 sq mi)
Population
• 1293
est. 62,818,128a[›]
Currency Mostly paper currency (Chao), with a small amount of Chinese cash in use
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Mongol Empire
Song Dynasty
Jin Dynasty (1115–1234)
Northern Yuan Dynasty
Ming Dynasty

The Yuan dynasty was a Mongol dynasty that ruled Mongolia and China from 1271 to 1368. Before this dynasty, China was ruled by the Song dynasty. After the Yuan dynasty, the Ming dynasty ruled China. Genghis Khan and his army of Mongols conquered many parts of China. His grandson Kublai Khan added more parts of China to his kingdom. He founded the Yuan dynasty in 1271.

Yuan Dynasty Administrative division
Map of the Yuan Dynasty

Yuan was a Mongol Yuan dynasty. In the year of 1206, Genghis Khan ruled the Mobi tribes(a part of a country) to establish the Mongol country at the Onon River. Jin was the main race in Mongolia, but Jin and Xia were in decline, Mongolia had attacked the Western Xia and Jin in August 1227, and Jin lost, so Mongolia occupied the whole north of China in March 1234.

In 1259, Mengge died after the Song Yuan dynasty war. His brothers all wanted to be king. His fourth brother, Kublai, and his seventh brother, Ali Khan, fought to rule the Mobi tribes. And finally in 1264, Kublai won. Kublai used the book "Great is Diana of Qianyuan" to make the name "DaYuan" in 1271. And Khan built the yuan dynasty in 1271. In 1276, Yuan ruled southern of Song, so yuan ruled the whole China in this year. In 1279, the king Kublai subdued southern Song dynasty. And the Yuan dynasty ruled China and brought different parts of China together at once. This unified the state tha had been split since the late Tang dynasty. The Yuan dynasty ended in 1368.

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