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Mongolian language facts for kids

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Mongolian
монгол хэл ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ
Native to Mongolia
Region All of state Mongolia and Inner Mongolia, parts of Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Xinjiang and Gansu provinces in China
Native speakers 5.2 million  (2005)
Language family
Mongolic
  • Mongolian
Early forms:
Middle Mongolian
  • Classical Mongolian
    • Mongolian
Standard forms
Khalkha (Mongolia)
Chakhar (China)
Dialects
Khalkha
Chakhar
Khorchin
Baarin
Shilin gol[not dialect link]
Ordos Mongolian
Darkhad
Writing system Mongolian alphabets:
Traditional Mongolian script
(in China),
Mongolian Cyrillic alphabet (in Mongolia),
Mongolian Braille
Official status
Official language in Mongolia
China
Inner Mongolia
Regulated by Mongolia:
State Language Council,
China:
Council for Language and Literature Work
Linguasphere part of 44-BAA-b
Topographic map showing Asia as centered on modern-day Mongolia and Kazakhstan. An orange line shows the extent of the Mongol Empire. Some places are filled in red. This includes all of Mongolia, most of Inner Mongolia and Kalmykia, three enclaves in Xinjiang, multiple tiny enclaves round Lake Baikal, part of Manchuria, Gansu, Qinghai, and one place that is west of Nanjing and in the south-south-west of Zhengzhou
Geographic distribution of Mongolic peoples across Asia (red)

The Mongolian language ( Monggol kele.svg, Mongɣol kele, Cyrillic: Монгол хэл, Mongol khel) is the best-known member of the Mongolic language family and the language of most of the residents of Mongolia, where it is officially written with the Cyrillic alphabet and of around three million Mongolian speakers in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China, where it is officially written with the traditional Mongolian script. It is also spoken in some areas in the Russian Far East and Kyrgyzstan. The majority of speakers in Mongolia speak the Khalkha (or Halh) dialect, while those in China speak one of many Inner Mongolian dialects.

  • Janhunen, Juha (ed.) (2003): The Mongolic languages. London: Routledge.

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