Jiangsu facts for kids

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Jiangsu Province
江苏省
Province
Name transcription(s)
 • Chinese 江苏省 (Jiāngsū Shěng)
 • Abbreviation JS / (pinyin: Sū)
 • Wu Kaonsu San
Map showing the location of Jiangsu Province
Map showing the location of Jiangsu Province
Named for Jiangning (now Nanjing)
Suzhou
Area
 • Total 102,600 km2 (39,600 sq mi)
Area rank 25th
Highest elevation 625 m (2,051 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Total 79,800,000
 • Rank 5th
 • Density 777.8/km2 (2,014.4/sq mi)
 • Density rank 4th
Demographics
 • Ethnic composition Han – 99.6%
Hui – 0.2%
 • Languages and dialects Mandarin (Official)
Jianghuai Mandarin, Wu, Zhongyuan Mandarin
ISO 3166 code CN-JS
GDP (2017) CNY 8.59 trillion
USD 1.27 trillion (2nd)
 • per capita CNY 107,189
USD 17,176 (4th)
 • growth Increase 7.2%
HDI (2014) 0.798 (high) (4th)
Website www.jiangsu.gov.cn

Jiangsu is a province of the People's Republic of China, located along the east coast of the country.

The name "Jiangsu" comes from Jiang, short for the city of Jiangning (now Nanjing), and Su, for the city of Suzhou.

Jiangsu borders Shandong in the north, Anhui to the west, and Zhejiang and Shanghai to the south. Jiangsu has a coastline of over 1,000 km along the Yellow Sea, and the Yangtze River passes through its southern parts.

Jiangsu is home to many of the world's leading exporters of electronic equipment, chemicals and textiles. It has also been China's largest recipient of foreign direct investment since 2006.

Economy

Nanjing skyline
Modern Nanjing skyline

Jiangsu has an extensive irrigation system supporting its agriculture, which is based primarily on rice and wheat, followed by maize and sorghum. Main cash crops include cotton, soybeans, peanuts, rape, sesame, ambary hemp, and tea. Other products include peppermint, spearmint, bamboo, medicinal herbs, apples, pears, peaches, loquats, ginkgo.

Silkworms also form an important part of Jiangsu's agriculture, with the Lake Taihu region to the south a major base of silk production in China. Jiangsu is also an important producer of freshwater fish and other aquatic products.

Jiangsu has coal, petroleum, and natural gas deposits, but its most significant mineral products are non-metal minerals such as halite (rock salt), sulfur, phosphorus, and marble. The city of Xuzhou is a coal hub of China. The salt mines of Huaiyin have more than 0.4 trillion tonnes of deposits, one of the greatest collections of deposits in China.

Jiangsu is historically oriented towards light industries such as textiles and food industry. After 1949 Jiangsu has also developed heavy industries such as chemical industry and construction materials.

Jiangsu is very wealthy among the provinces of China, with the second highest total gross domestic product (after Guangdong Province), it is one of the most prosperous regions in China.

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