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Shandong Province
Name transcription(s)
 • Chinese 山东省 (Shāndōng Shěng)
 • Abbreviation SD / (pinyin: )
Map showing the location of Shandong Province
Map showing the location of Shandong Province
 • Total 157,100 km2 (60,700 sq mi)
Area rank 20th
Highest elevation 1,545 m (5,069 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total 99,470,000
 • Rank 2nd
 • Density 633.16/km2 (1,639.9/sq mi)
 • Density rank 5th
 • Ethnic composition Han - 99.3%
Hui - 0.6%
 • Languages and dialects Jiaoliao Mandarin, Jilu Mandarin, Zhongyuan Mandarin
ISO 3166 code CN-SD
GDP (2018) CNY 7.65 trillion
USD 1.156 trillion (3rd)
 • per capita CNY 76,908
USD 11,617 (9th)
HDI (2014) 0.769 (high) (8th)
Shandong (Chinese characters).svg
"Shandong" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese 山东
Traditional Chinese 山東
Literal meaning "East of the Mountains (Taihang)"

Shandong (Chinese: 山东; alternately romanized as Shantung) is a coastal province of the People's Republic of China, and is part of the East China region.

Shandong has played a major role in Chinese history since the beginning of Chinese civilization along the lower reaches of the Yellow River. It has served as a pivotal cultural and religious center for Taoism, Chinese Buddhism and Confucianism. Shandong's Mount Tai is the most revered mountain of Taoism and one of the world's sites with the longest history of continuous religious worship. The Buddhist temples in the mountains to the south of the provincial capital of Jinan were once among the foremost Buddhist sites in China. The city of Qufu is the birthplace of Confucius, and was later established as the center of Confucianism.

Shandong's location at the intersection of ancient as well as modern north–south and east–west trading routes have helped to establish it as an economic center. After a period of political instability and economic hardship that began in the late 19th century, Shandong has emerged as one of the most populous (99,470,000 inhabitants at the 2016 Census) and affluent provinces in the People's Republic of China, with a GDP of CNY¥7.65 trillion in 2018, or USD$1.156 trillion, making it China's third wealthiest province.

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