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Grenada

Gwenad (Grenadian Creole French)
Coat of arms of Grenada
Coat of arms
Motto: "Ever Conscious of God We Aspire, Build and Advance as One People"
Anthem: "Hail Grenada"

Grenada on the globe (Americas centered).svg
Capital
and largest city
St. George's
12°03′N 61°45′W / 12.050°N 61.750°W / 12.050; -61.750
Official languages
Recognised regional languages Grenadian Creole English
Grenadian Creole French
Ethnic groups
(2011)
  • 80% African
  • 15% Mixed (incl. Creole-Mulatto and Dougla)
  • 3% Indian
  • 1% Other
  • 1% Unspecified (incl. indigenous peoples)
Religion
(2011)
Demonym(s) Grenadian
Government Unitary two-party parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Cécile La Grenade
Keith Mitchell
Legislature Parliament
Senate
House of Representatives
Formation
• Associated State
3 March 1967
• Independence from the United Kingdom
7 February 1974
• Grenadian Revolution
13 March 1979
• Constitution Restoration
4 December 1984
Area
• Total
348.5 km2 (134.6 sq mi) (184th)
• Water (%)
1.6
Population
• 2018 estimate
111,454 (194th)
• Density
318.58/km2 (825.1/sq mi) (45th)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$1.801 billion
• Per capita
$16,604
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$1.249 billion
• Per capita
$11,518
HDI (2019) Increase 0.779
high · 74th
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zone UTC−4 (AST)
Driving side left
Calling code +1-473
ISO 3166 code GD
Internet TLD .gd
  1. Plus trace of Arawak / Carib.

Grenada ( grə-NAY-də; Grenadian Creole French: Gwenad) is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea that received its independence from the United Kingdom in 1974. Its capital is St. George's.

The island was invaded by the American military in 1983 because of Cuba's presence there. In 2004, a hurricane named Ivan destroyed most of the island's resources.

Grenada is called the Spice Island on account of its most famous export, the nutmeg.

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