Saint Lucia facts

Saint Lucia
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "The Land, The People, The Light"
Anthem: Sons and Daughters of Saint Lucia
Capital
and largest city
Castries
Official languages English
Vernacular
languages
Saint Lucian French Creole
Ethnic groups
  • 68% Afro-Caribbean
  • 5% European
  • 17% Mixed
  • 2% Carib Amerindian
  • 5% Indo-Caribbean
  • 3% others
Demonym Saint Lucian
Government Parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch Elizabeth II
 -  Governor-General Pearlette Louisy
 -  Prime Minister Allen Chastanet
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Assembly
Independence
 -  from the United Kingdom 22 February 1979 
Area
 -  Total 617 km2 (191st)
238.23 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 1.6
Population
 -  2009 census 173,765
 -  Density 298/km2 (41st)
672/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $2.101 billion
 -  Per capita $12,607
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $1.239 billion
 -  Per capita $7,435
HDI (2011) Increase 0.723
high · 82nd
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zone (UTC−4)
Drives on the left
Calling code +1 758
Internet TLD .lc
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The harbor of Castries, St. Lucia.

Saint Lucia is a tropical island country in the eastern Caribbean Sea. It is a part of the Lesser Antilles, and it is north of the islands of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and south of Martinique. As of 2010 there are about 174,000 people.

The official language is English. Saint Lucian Creole French (Kwéyòl), which is a French-based Creole is spoken by 95% of the people. About 70% of the people are Roman Catholic.

Two Nobel laureates, Arthur Lewis, an economist, and Derek Walcott, a poet and playwright, have come from the island.

Saint Lucia is a full and participating member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and La Francophonie.

Quarters

Saint Lucia has 11 quarters, or parishes of the island.

  1. Anse la Raye
  2. Castries
  3. Choiseul
  4. Dauphin
  5. Dennery
  6. Gros Islet
  7. Laborie
  8. Micoud
  9. Praslin
  10. Soufrière
  11. Vieux Fort

Cities

The cities in Saint Lucia are:

  • Anse La Raye
  • Bocage
  • Castries - Capital
  • Canaries
  • Choiseul
  • Dennery
  • Desruisseaux
  • Gros Islet
  • Laborie
  • Micoud
  • Mon Repos
  • Praslin
  • Ravine Poisson
  • Rodney Bay
  • Soufrière
  • Ti Rocher
  • Vieux Fort

Geography

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View of Soufrière

The volcanic island of Saint Lucia is more mountainous than many other Caribbean islands. The highest point is Mount Gimie, at 950 metres (3,120 ft) above sea level. Two other mountains, the Pitons, form the island's most famous landmark. They are between Soufrière and Choiseul on the western side of the island. Saint Lucia is also one of the few islands in the world that has a drive-in volcano. It is also famous for clear seas and sandy beaches.

The capital city of Saint Lucia is Castries. Over one third of all the people live in the capital. Major towns include Gros Islet, Soufrière and Vieux Fort.

The local climate is tropical. They have northeast trade winds. There is a dry season from December 1 to May 31, and a wet season from June 1 to November 30.

Sport

The Windward Islands cricket team includes players from Saint Lucia. They play in the West Indies regional tournament. Darren Sammy is the first Saint Lucian to represent the West Indies. He is the current captain.

Tourism

Tourism is important to Saint Lucia's economy. There are more tourists during the dry season (January to April). Saint Lucia tends to be popular due to its tropical weather and scenery and its many beaches and resorts.

Other tourist attractions include a drive-in volcano, Sulphur Springs, the Botanical Gardens, the Majestic twin Peaks "The Pitons", a world heritage site, the rain forests, and Pigeon Island National Park.

Most tourists visit Saint Lucia as part of a cruise. Most of their time tends to be spent in Castries, although Soufriere, Marigot Bay and Gros Islet are popular locations to visit.

Related pages

Images


Saint Lucia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.