Venezuela facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

República Bolivariana de Venezuela  (Spanish)
Flag of Venezuela
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto: Ninguno
[None]
Traditional: Dios y Federación
[God and the Federation]
Anthem: Gloria al Bravo Pueblo  (Spanish)
Glory to the Brave People
Venezuela
Venezuela
Capital
and largest city
Caracas
Official languages Spanish
National language Spanish
Ethnic groups


Demonym(s) Venezuelan
Government Federal presidential constitutional republic
• President
Nicolás Maduro Moros
• Vice President
Elías Jaua
Independence
• from Spain
5 July 1811
• from Gran Colombia
13 January 1830
• Recognized
30 March 1845
• Current constitution
20 December 1999
Area
• Total
916,445 km2 (353,841 sq mi) (33rd)
• Water (%)
0.32
Population
• 2011 estimate
27,150.095 (43rd)
• 2001 census
23,054,985
• Density
30.2/km2 (78.2/sq mi) (181st)
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
• Total
$346.973 billion
• Per capita
$11,889
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
• Total
$285.214 billion
• Per capita
$9,773
Gini (2010) 39
medium
HDI (2011) Increase 0.735
high · 73rd
Currency Bolívar fuerte (VEF)
Time zone UTC– 4 (VET)
Driving side right
Calling code +58
ISO 3166 code VE
Internet TLD .ve
The "Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela" has been the full official title since the adoption of the new Constitution of 1999, when the state was renamed in honor of Simón Bolívar.
The Constitution also recognizes all indigenous languages spoken in the country.
Area totals include only Venezuelan-administered territory.
On 1 January 2008 a new bolivar, the bolívar fuerte (ISO 4217 code VEF), worth 1,000 VEB, was introduced.
LocationVenezuela.png

Venezuela is a country in northern South America. Its official name is República Bolivariana de Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela). The official language is Spanish, and its capital is Caracas. Venezuela produces a large amount of oil every year, and has one of the largest oil supplies in the world.

Ancient Venezuelans came from the east, west, south, and north. Christopher Columbus was the first European to set foot on the land, but there were already natives living there for a long time. The Spaniards first conquered Venezuela. Slaves were imported from Africa.

Venezuela's inhabitants are very racially mixed. This comes from the colonial period. When whites (the British, Spaniards, French, etc.) conquered America's territory, they took their black African slaves to America to work. During Venezuela's colonial time, black people did not have any rights. They just worked for food. The native people were taught Roman Catholicism. For a long time, white creoles, people in Venezuela that were descended from Spaniards but considered Venezuela home, headed society. The Venezuelan people did not like that, and started thinking about independence. On July 24, 1823, Venezuela won its independence, led by Simón Bolívar. The current president is Nicolás Maduro.

Venezuela's economy is based on oil, cotton, cocoa, sugar, coffee, and tobacco.

Some other languages spoken in Venezuela are Carib, Guahibo, Warao, Wayuu, Pemon, and Piaroa. Most people are Roman Catholic at 96%, and a small minority is Protestant at 2%.

Demographics

The population of Venezuela is about 28,946,101 people. The ethnic groups of the population are:

  • 75.4%: multiracial (of any kind).
  • 16.9%: European.
  • 2.8%: African.
  • 2.7%: Amerindian.
  • 2.2%: Asian.

Gallery

Images for kids


Venezuela Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.