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Paul the Apostle facts for kids

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Apostle Paul
Apostle to the Gentiles
Saint Paul Writing His Epistles by Valentin de Boulogne
Native name Sha'ul ha-Tarsi (Saul of Tarsus)
Personal details
Born c. 5 AD
Tarsus, Cilicia, Roman Empire
Died c. 64 or c. 67 AD (aged 61–62 or 64–65)
probably in Rome, Roman Empire
Feast day
  • January 25–Feast of the Conversion of Saint Paul
  • February 10–Feast of Saint Paul's Shipwreck in Malta
  • June 29–Feast of Saints Peter and Paul, Epip 5 (Coptic Orthodox)
  • June 30–Former solo feast day, still celebrated by some religious orders)
  • November 18–Feast of the dedication of the basilicas of Saints Peter and Paul)
Canonized by Pre-congregation
Attributes Christian martyrdom, Sword
Patronage Missions, Theologians, Evangelists, and Gentile Christians
Philosophy career
Alma mater School of Gamaliel
Notable work
Epistle to the Romans
Epistle to the Galatians
1st Epistle to the Corinthians
2nd Epistle to the Corinthians
1st Epistle to the Thessalonians
Epistle to Philemon
Epistle to the Philippians
Era Apostolic Age
Region Christian philosophy
School Pauline Christianity
Middle Platonism
Main interests
Torah, Philosopy, Theology
Notable ideas
Pauline privilege, Law of Christ
Holy Spirit, Unknown God
Divinity of Jesus, Thorn in the flesh
Pauline mysticism, Non-circumcision
Salvation, God the Son, Trinity

Paul of Tarsus, also known as St Paul, (AD 9–67) was a Messianic Jewish-Roman, Turkish writer and rabbi. He wrote the Pauline Epistles in the New Testament. It is believed that he wrote thirteen books of the Bible, all of which are letters to churches and Christians, encouraging them, helping them to understand Christian teaching and helping them to live Christian lives.

Paul's name was originally Saul. He grew up learning both the Jewish law and the Greek ways of discussing things. When the Christian movement began, after the death of Jesus, he was strongly against it. He worked for the Roman Government and helped lead the arrests and killing of many Christians in Israel and the nearby area.

While he was on the road to Damascus in search of Christians there, he had a vision. In the vision Jesus Christ spoke to him, telling Saul that his persecution of Christians was a persecution of Jesus himself, and that it did not please God. Saul was blinded by the vision. A short time later he met Ananias, a disciple of Jesus, and his sight came back to him. (see Acts 22:12)

Saul was baptised as a Christian. He spent the next three years studying the Jewish scriptures again to find explanations for the Christian teachings. His experiences changed his viewpoint completely. He changed his name to Paul and he dedicated his life to serving Jesus Christ. He used his earlier education to explain his new faith to other people, and to discuss things with people who had other beliefs. He traveled around the Roman Empire, teaching others about Christianity, and wrote letters back and forth with the churches he helped to begin. The letters contain many important parts of Christian teaching.

Paul was put to death by orders of the emperor Nero in Rome, in 67 AD. He had the rights of a Roman citizen, which meant that he could be put to death by having his head cut off with a sword, rather than by crucifixion.

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