Nero facts for kids
|Emperor of the Roman Empire|
Bust of Nero
|Reign||13 October, AD 54 – 9 June, AD 68|
|Full name||Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus
(from birth to AD 50);
Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus (from 50 to accession);
Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (as emperor)
|Born||15 December 37|
|Died||9 June 68(aged 30)|
|Place of death||Outside Rome|
|Buried||Mausoleum of the Domitii Ahenobarbi, Pincian Hill, Rome|
|Successor||Servius Sulpicius Galba|
|Father||Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus|
|Mother||Agrippina the Younger|
Nero was the adopted son of his grand-uncle Claudius. He became emperor on 13 October 54, after Claudius died. Claudius was probably assassinated by Nero's mother Agrippina the Younger. Agrippina had motive in ensuring the succession of Nero before Britannicus (Claudius' natural son) could gain power.
Nero as Emperor
During his reign, Nero focused much of his attention on diplomacy, trade, and improving the cultural capital of the empire. He ordered the building of theatres and promoted athletic games.
In 64, most of Rome was destroyed in the Great Fire of Rome. In 68, the rebellion of Vindex in Gaul and later the acclamation of Galba in Hispania (Spain) drove Nero from the throne. Facing assassination, he committed suicide on 9 June 68.
Nero's rule is often associated with tyranny and extravagance.
Nero is known as the emperor who played a fiddle while Rome burned. Actually the violin had not been invented, Nero wasn't in Rome at the time, and when he heard of the fire he returned to direct relief efforts.
He also persecuted Christians. However, some ancient sources show that Nero was popular with the common people during and after his reign.
Images for kids
Nero and Agrippina. Agrippina crowns her young son Nero with a laurel wreath. She carries a cornucopia, symbol of fortune and plenty, and he wears the armour and cloak of a Roman commander, with a helmet on the ground at his feet. The scene refers to Nero's accession as emperor in 54 AD and is dated before 59 AD when Nero had Agrippina murdered.
Artwork depicting the Great Fire of Rome.
Coin issued under Claudius celebrating young Nero as the future emperor, c. 50.
An Aureus of Nero and his mother, Agrippina, c. 54.
Sketch of Ancient graffiti portrait of Nero found at the Domus Tiberiana.
The Parthian Empire c. 60. Nero's peace deal with Parthia was a political victory at home and made him beloved in the east.
A marble bust of Nero, Antiquarium of the Palatine.
The historian Josephus (c. 37–100) accused other historians of slandering Nero.
Nero Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.