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Sir Peter Paul Rubens
Sir Peter Paul Rubens - Portrait of the Artist - Google Art Project.jpg
Self-portrait, 1623, Royal Collection
Born 28 June 1577
Siegen, Nassau-Dillenburg, Holy Roman Empire
Died 30 May 1640(1640-05-30) (aged 62)
Nationality Flemish
Education Tobias Verhaecht
Adam van Noort
Otto van Veen
Known for Painting, Printmaking
Movement Flemish Baroque
Spouse(s) Isabella Brant (1609 – her death 1626)
Helena Fourment (1630 – his death 1640)
Rubens autograph.png

Sir Peter Paul Rubens; (28 June 1577 – 30 May 1640) was a Flemish artist. He is considered the most influential artist of Flemish Baroque tradition. Rubens specialized in making altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects.

In addition to running a large studio in Antwerp that produced paintings popular with nobility and art collectors throughout Europe, Rubens was a classically educated humanist scholar and diplomat who was knighted by both Philip IV of Spain and Charles I of England. Rubens was a prolific artist. The catalogue of his works by Michael Jaffé lists 1,403 pieces, excluding numerous copies made in his workshop.

His commissioned works were mostly "history paintings", which included religious and mythological subjects, and hunt scenes. He painted portraits, especially of friends, and self-portraits, and in later life painted several landscapes. Rubens designed tapestries and prints, as well as his own house. He also oversaw the ephemeral decorations of the royal entry into Antwerp by the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria in 1635.

His drawings are predominantly very forceful and without great detail. He also made great use of oil sketches as preparatory studies. He was one of the last major artists to make consistent use of wooden panels as a support medium, even for very large works, but he used canvas as well, especially when the work needed to be sent a long distance. For altarpieces he sometimes painted on slate to reduce reflection problems.

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